Bhai-Dooj (in Hindi ),Bhaubeej/Bhau-Beej (in Marathi ),Bhai Beej (in Gujarati ) Bhai Tika (in Nepali ) or Bhai Phota (in Bengali ) is a ceremony performed by Hindus on the second day after Diwali .
Sisters celebrate their love for their brothers by putting an auspicious tilak (made from vermilion or sandalwood paste) on their brothers' foreheads. Sisters also bless their younger brothers. They perform an aarti to their brothers to honour them for taking care of them and protecting them, and pray for their well-being. Brothers lavish sisters with gifts and blessings (to younger sisters), along with pledges of protection and support. The sister sometimes cooks a lavish lunch for her brother. During lunch, the brother offers a beautiful gift from all his income.The name "Dooj" (or "Beej") means the second day after the new moon, the day of the festival, and "Bhai" means brother. "Phota" means round dot. Bhai-Dooj is also called "Yama Dwiteeya" as it's believed that on this day, Yama. the God of death and the custodian of " Naraka " visits his sister Yamuna. who puts the auspicious mark on his forehead and prays for his well being. So it's held that anyone who receives a tilak from his sister on this day would never be hurled into hell. The festival usually occurs in October or November of the Gregorian calendar .
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The festival of Bhau-beej or Bhai Dooj is celebrated by Hindus on the on the last day of the five-day-long Diwali festival. This is the second day of the bright fortnight or Shukla Paksha of the Hindu month of Kartika. On this day, sisters pray for their brothers to have long and happy lives by performing the Teeka ceremony, and brothers make gifts to their sisters.
On the day of the festival, sisters invite their brothers for a sumptuous meal often including their favorite dishes. The whole ceremony signifies the duty of a brother to protect his sister, as well as a sister's blessings for her brother.
Carrying forward the ceremony in traditional style, sisters perform aarti for their brother and apply a red tika on the brother's forehead. This teeka ceremony on the occasion of Bhai Bij signifies the sister's sincerest prayers for the long and happy life of her brother. In return brothers bless their sisters and treat them with gifts or cash.
As it is customary in Maharashtra to celebrate the auspicious occasion of Bhau-beej, women who don't have a brother worship the Moon God instead.
The festival of Bhai Bij is popular in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Goa and is celebrated with lot of fervour and gaiety. Brothers and sisters look forward to the occasion with immense enthusiasm. To add charm to the occasion Bhai Bij gifts are exchanged between brothers and sisters as a token of love and appreciation.
Bhai Dooj 2011 is a time for family reunions as all brothers and sisters in the family get together. Close relatives and friends are also invited to celebrate the Bhav Bij in many families.
Special dishes for the festival include the Maharashtra sweet called Basundi Poori or Shrikhand Poori.
Take this opportunity and send bhai dooj cards, bhai dooj messages, greetings and wishes in this special day.
A Hindu festival celebrated on the last day of Diwali, where sisters are encouraged to pray for their borthers and brothers makes presents for their sisters.
Bhai Dooj/Bhau-Beej/Bhai Tika/Bhai Phota is a festival celebrated by Hindus of india on the last day of the five-day-long Diwali festival. This is the second day of the bright fortnight or Shukla Paksha of the Hindu lunar month of Kartika.
After the high voltage celebrations of Diwali, the festival of lights and fire-crackers, sisters all over India get ready for ‘Bhai Dooj’ – when sisters ceremonize their love by putting an auspicious tilak or a vermilion mark on the forehead of their brothers and perform an aarti of him by showing him the light of the holy flame as a mark of love and protection from evil forces.
The essence of the Bhai dooj festival is that it is celebrated to strengthen the love between brothers and sisters. It is a day of food-sharing, gift-giving and reaching out to the innermost depths of the heart. Brothers and sisters indulge themselves on this day by giving each other gifts.
The other legend on this is that Lord Krishna visits his sister Subhadra after vanquishing the demon Narakasura, where she welcomes him with a victor’s Tilak. flowers and sweets.
The festival of Diwali is incomplete without bhai dooj. It is referred as “Bhaiyya-Duj” in the Hindi-speaking belt, “Bhav–Bij” in the Marathi-speaking communities, “Bhai fota” in Bengal and “Bhai-Tika” in Nepal.
Another legend goes that Lord Krishna went to his sister, Subhadra’s house, after annihilating Narakasura demon. She welcomed him with arti (lamp), flowers and sweets. Thereafter, she put the Tikka, holy protective tilak, on his forehead. From that day onwards, the festival of Tikka is celebrated as a mark of affection between brothers and sisters.
In Gujarat, it is celebrated as Bhai Beej with traditional tilak ceremony and perform aarti (prayers).
But no matter how Bhai Dooj is celebrated, it’s the spirit of love and togetherness which makes this an important festival.
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Bhai Dooj songs are very popular, particularly in India. This festival Bhai Dooj falls on second day after Diwali. On this cheerful occasion sisters offers puja, sweets and tika on forehead of her brothers and pray for their well being and good wealth.
On this occasion of bhaidooj, there are many songs sung, which are symbolized the love between brother and sisters. Many songs have sung on this Bhai Dooj festival by various male and female singers in India. Bhai Dooj is a festival of sacred love and affectionate between brother and sister. Many films are also there who shows the good relation of brother and sister. Their songs are so melodious and thus become famous too.
One famous song ‘Phoolon Ka Taron Ka Sabka Kahna Hai Ek Hazaron Mein Meri Behna Hai’ The most famous song of movie Hare Ram Hare Krishna.There are many songs on Bhai Dooj Festival, Some of Them are as follows:
Chote Chote Bhaiyon Ke Bade Bhaiya from film Hum Saath Saath Hain and sung by Kavita Krishnamurthy, Udit Narayan and Kumar Sanu
Chanda Re Mere Bhaiyya Se from film Chambal Ki Kasam and sung by Lata Mangeshkar
Phoolon Ka Taron Ka from film Hare Krishna Hare Rama and sung by Lata Mangeshkar
Babul Chhut Chala Tera Angana from film Rakhi and sung by Lata Mnageshkar
Bhaiya Mere Rakhi from film Choti Bahen and sung by Lata Mangeshkar
Behna Ne Bhai Ki Kalai Se from film Resham Ki Dori and sung by Suman Kalyanpur
Mere Bhaiyya Mere Chanda from film Kajal and sung by Asha Bhonsle
Meri Pyari Bahaniya Banegi from film Sachcha Jhootha and sung by Kishore Kumar
Yeh Rakhi Bandhan Hai Aisa from film Beimaan and sung by Mukesh and Lata Mangeshkar
Rang Birangi Rakhi Laker from film Anpadh and sung by Lata Mangeshkar
Bhai Dooj Essay
Bhai Phota. Bengali way of celebrating Bhai Dooj
Since ages, Bhai Phota is celebrated in every Bengali household as an propitious day, showcasing the the love and affection between the brother and sister. Though this love and affection is same as that shared between the brothers and sisters of other community, still the custom and rituals of Bengal are a bit different. The environment of the house becomes more alive and cheerful by the constant visit of friends and relatives, all invited for lunch and dinner.
The ritual that is similar to other communities is putting the tilak by sisters on their brothers forehead and performing the arti in order to save him from all kind of evils. In Bengal, a combination of sandal wood paste (chandan), red chandan, home made kajal, is used to apply the tilak while in other regions a red coloured powder called 'Roli' is made into a paste and is used to draw the tilak along with few grains of rice.
The sisters make their brothers sit on an 'Asana' and draws the tilak on the forehead of the brother. If the sister is elder then she blesses her brother with rice grains and dubya, a special type of grass, when the brother touches her feet.
It is customary in Bengal on the part of the sister if she is elder, to draw the Tilak with the little finger of the left hand and with that of the right hand if she is younger from her brother. At this gifts are exchanged which marks the immense love and affection between the brother and sister. After this the brothers are served sweets and then the whole family engages into singing songs, play games and anything that is enjoyed by all.
Mr. Saurabh Sen Guplta, Dhanbad
Remembering Bhai Dooj
As a young girl, I never knew the actual meaning of Bhai Dooj. I celebrated the day because my Mom said, "It is a special day for brother and sister." On this day, it was very important for my brothers and my cousins to receive this gift from me. In my heart I never really knew what it meant, so it was not as important to me, but I did it for tradition.
After I got married, I let the tradition go. After marriage, last year was the first time I felt like doing it. So, I did. The response from my brothers was amazing! It seemed like a fire was rekindled. We started talking more often and a relationship started to build again. Over the years, with marriage, work, children, I drifted away in actual contact, but never in heart. It felt so good to have my brothers call me and say "thank you" and "I love you". To hear those words after so long was the most wonderful feeling in the world.
One day I was thinking about how it was when we were young. How mean I was as the older sister, bossy, mean and fighting with them. I never thought in a million years I would ever miss them or wish we were kids again, just for one day. I realized how I took for granted the special times of our youth. I realized what a special bond we have with each other. I realized they will always be there for me, no matter what. In that, I have found great comfort and the regrets of days past linger no more. But are filled with cords of a love song that only my brothers can sing. I thank God for blessing me with them. I am proud of all they have accomplished. It brings a smile to my heart when I see the two little boys who grew up to be very amazing men.
This bond of sacred love between a brother and a sister, means more to me than a tradition. To me, Bhai Dooj is a symbol of the love, respect and honor I have for them.
Dr. Deepa Pathak. Kanpur
The importance of celebrating Bahi Dooj
The festival marked by the sister applying the tikka on the brother’s forehead, Bhai Dooj Puja is usually performed in the mother’s house. So, for married sisters, it is very essential to visit their native place in order to perform this puja. This is one of the many festivals in India which re-emphasize on the importance of human bonding.
Bhai Dooj is celebrated two days after Diwali. According to the legends, many years ago, onh this pious day, Yamraj, the Lord of death visited His sister Yamuna, also called Yami. In order to welcome her brother, she had put the auspicious tilak on his forehead, and then they ate, talked and enjoyed together and exchanged special gifts as a token of their love for each other.
Since then it became inevitable for the brother to go to his sister's house to celebrate Bhaiya Dooj. It is a day dedicated to sisters. The sister usually goes in the morning and does the Puja in the mother's house, before the brothers leave for their places of study or work.
Dr. Geeta Mishra. Jaipur
According to Hindu Panchang, Bhai Dooj or Yama Dwitiya is celebrated on the Dwitiya of Kartik Shukla Paksha. It is a festival of faith and love of sisters towards their brother. After Rakhi, this is another festival of the year that depicts the love and bond of sisters and brothers.
According to a mythological belief, Yamuna observed fast for her brother Yamraj’s longevity. Since that day, Bhai Dooj is celebrated to represent the feeling of respect and affection between brothers and sisters. Sisters pray for the longevity and prosperity of their brothers.
In the year 2016, Bhai Dooj will be celebrated on Dwitiya of 1 November. Bhai dooj is also known as Yama Dwitiya in many states. It is a festival of devotion and faith. There is a tradition of applying Sindoor on the hands of brother.Bhaiya Dooj - Yama Dwitiya
In Hindu society, this festival is a symbol of affection and warmth between brother and sister. It is celebrated two days after Diwali. This day is also called Yama Dwitiya. Hence, Yama Deva is worshipped on Bhai Dooj. It is believed that people who worship Yam Dev does not have to face premature death.
In Hindus, this festival is also related to traditions like the others. On this day, sister apply Tilak on the forehead on their brother. They give gifts and pray for the longevity of their brothers. In return brothers take pledge of their sisters safety. Brother should have food in the house of their sister as this tradition is considered.Historical Significance of Bhaiya Dooj
As per the story, Yam Dev visited his sister on this day. Yamuna, sister of Yam, was eagerly waiting to meet her brother. She was very happy by meeting his brother. She welcomed her brother wholeheartedly. Pleased by the sister, Yam gave a boon that if, brother and sister have a bath in Yamuna river on this day then they will receive salvation.
Hence, having a bath with brother or sister in Yamuna is of great significance on this day. Also, Yamuna asked her brother to take a pledge that every brother should go to her sister’s house on this day. From that time only, tradition of Bhai Dooj is carried on. Brothers who stay far from their sister, they go on Bhai Dooj to meet her. They get the Tilak applied and give gifts to their sisters.
Therefore, this auspicious day of Bhai dooj is celebrated to prevent untimely death of brothers. Those who take bath in Yamuna river, get relief from untimely death and attains salvation. There is a tradition of worshipping the lord at the bank of Yamuna river.
Bhai Dooj is observed as a symbol of love and affection between brothers and sisters celebrated in India with great enthusiasm.On this festival, the sisters put the teeka on the forehead of their brothers with vermilion, sandal paste, roli or kumkum (red turmeric) and pray for them.Brothers give gifts to their sisters. Bhai Dooj Gifts emotes the feelings of a brother, expresses the gratitude for sharing such a wonderful relationship, reflects all the love shared and fills the heart of a sister with unmatched happiness. Such gifts are selected that are the expressions of good wishes prayers of love and more. The Story of this festival is --
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