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FREE Advantages and Disadvantages of Employing Part-time and Temp Essay

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List and justify the advantages and disadvantages to an organisation of employing part-time and temporary workers

In this essay I will be discussing what, if any, are the advantages and disadvantages of employing part time and temporary workers in an organisation. I will have to justify my reasons and back them up with suitable sources to make sure I understand the topic given and that it defend my statements.

Factors that might affect weather or not the organisation employee's part time and temporary workers are the company size, structure of the company, and the company activities.

The structure of the business will determine how well the management can control and communicate with its employees, the style of management will determine the attitude taken by the manager towards the employees, and the culture of the business will determine the way of thinking of the whole workforce.

Part time and temporary work is were the responsibilities of a job can be decreased by giving an employee a smaller service area, fewer projects or where a section of the job can be split off and delegated to someone else. This differs from a job share in that there is less need for communication between the part time employee and co-workers. The work delegated to others can be fully separated from the part time employee's work.

Businesses have to plan carefully to ensure that they have the right number of employees with the right skills in the right place to meet their requirements, it has been said that flexi workers must be recruited in order for a business to remain competitive. Therefore employers offer people part time and temporary contracts, to stay competitive in their industry. Although there are advantages, and disadvantages of employing part-time and temporary workers.

An advantage of employing part-time and temporary workers is that employers attract high clabber worker willing to work unsocial hours. The willingness of emplo

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Advantages and disadvantages of being bilingual?

i need to write an essay on this topic. please elaborate a bit

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2 Responses to “Advantages and disadvantages of being bilingual?”

The disadvantage of being bilingual is feeling that you are not fully belong to either culture. In some cases it could be discriminating, by being labeled. Communicate with a lot more people. Improve your chances to have a better job and life style._____My mother language is English which will serve me well when travelling the world. During my life, I have learned French, Japanese and Russian to varying degrees of competence, but could not be considered to be eloquent or highly articulate in any of them, however, I can travel the world with a reasonable expectation of making myself understood. I do not see any personal disadvantages in being bilingual other than the occasional confusion when hopping between alphabets and verb endings. I do not believe it is good for a country to be bilingual because, for example, all instructions issued from the government would need to be written identically in more than one language. Advantages: There are plenty of those. Knowing another languages increases your appreciation of another culture. It helps you understand the grammar of your own, as you really have to study the parts of speech. It is incredibly rewarding to be able to speak to people in another language, both if you travel abroad, or if you happen to meet them here. If you have family in another country, it is wonderful to raise your children to be able to speak with them.

Benefits of Being BilingualYou can get a number of benefits of being bilingual in various aspects such as cognitive benefits, curriculum advantages, cultural benefits, employment advantages, communication advantages and tolerance of other languages and cultures. Cognitive benefits: The bilingual people can have some specific advantages in thinking. They have two or more words for each idea and object. Hence, a bilingual person can develop a creative thinking and an ability to think more flexibly. The bilinguals are aware about which language should be spoken with which person in a particular situation. Therefore, they are more sensitive to the needs of the listener than the monolingual people. Being bilingual has a positive effect on intellectual growth. It enhances and enriches a person’s mental development. The latest research has proved that the bilinguals are better at IQ tests as compared to the monolinguals. Character advantages: The bilinguals are able to switch between different languages and talk to different people in various languages. It increases a sense of self-esteem. Being bilingual creates a powerful link in different people from different countries. Curriculum benefits: A bilingual education offers better curriculum results. The bilinguals tend to show a higher performance in examinations and tests. It is associated with thinking benefits of bilingualism. The bilinguals find it quite easy to learn and speak three, four or more languages. Communication advantages: The bilinguals enjoy reading and writing in different languages. They can understand and appreciate literatures in various languages. It gives a deeper knowledge of different ideas and traditions. It helps improve the ways of thinking and behaving. The pleasures of reading poetry, novels and magazines as well as the enjoyment of writing to family and friends are doubled for bilinguals. They don’t face difficulties in communication while in a foreign country. Cultural advantages: Bilingualism offers an access and exposure to different cultures. Knowledge of different languages offers a treasure of traditional and contemporary sayings, idioms, history and folk stories, music, literature and poetry in different cultures. Due to a wider cultural experience, there is a greater tolerance of differences in creeds and customs. Employment benefits: Being bilingual offers potential employment benefits. It offers a wider choice of jobs in various fields. The bilinguals can get prosperous career opportunities in the retail sector, transport, tourism, administration, secretarial work, public relations, marketing and sales, banking and accountancy, translation, law and teaching.Unsuccessful Attempt at Integration into Society: Bilingual education was deemed necessary since it was supposed to help integrate the children of immigrants and minorities into society. The system of bilingual education demanded separate teachers and classrooms and believed in gradual integration into society by allowing children to receive education in their native language for a period of 3 or more years. Proponents of a single medium of instruction opposed bilingual education since they believed that separate teachers and classrooms would widen the already existing gap between citizens and immigrants. They further proposed that encouraging children to interact within their own community for a period of 3 years would delay the process of adjusting to the ways of life in a new country. For disadvantages go to: [external link] …

What are advantages and disadvantages of being self- employed?

Self employed person is his or her own boss. His revenue is completely based on his hard work. He has to manage everything and no need of giving the answer to anyone. Same like in others self employed person also has some advantages and disadvantages. They are,

Advantages of Self-employment :

  1. You are your own boss
  2. More opportunities to earn money
  3. There is less investment
  4. Verity of projects that you can execute
  5. No need to play any drama ( because you are the boss )
  6. No need to worry about leaves ( you can manage yourself)
  7. No work schedule and no dress code

Disadvantages of Self-employment :

  1. Paying more taxes
  2. No more paid leaves
  3. Multitasking all the time
  4. Distractions at home

You can find in detail about it in Advantages and Disadvantages of Self Employment

Everything has it’s own advantages and disadvantages, so self-employment is also having in the same way. It’s not possible for everyone to work as a self employee but who are interested to work as a self-employee they need to know about advantages and disadvantages which I mentioned above.

Comparison of the Advantages and Disadvantages of the Two Strategies for Alleviating Poverty essay topics, buy custom Comparison of the Advantages and

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Grameen project is an initiative started by professor Muhammad Yunus head of the rural Economics program at the University of Chittagong during his action research project to look at the chances of designing a credit delivery system to offer banking services targeted at the rural poor. Its objectives was to extend banking facility to the poor, eliminate exploitation of the poor by money lenders, make opportunities for self-employment for the jobless persons in rural Bangladesh, and to bring women who were disadvantaged inside the fold of an organizational set-up which they can comprehend and administer themselves. In this project, women from the same locality having the same economic goals come together to form a group of five members. A member of the group is given a loan which she repays weekly.

To get women to join the project, Yunus used different strategies. Firstly, he interacted with them personally. Through this, he was able to answer there questions and in the process he made women join his project. Secondly, Yunus used his own money to give loans. This boosted the women’s businesses making them to join Yunus project. Also, Yunus employed young women. These young women helped Yunus convince other women to join his initiative. Despite all this effort, Yunus faced huge obstacles in trying to woo this women join his group. In trying to persuade women to join his project, they would literally run away from Yunus and his team thinking that this was not the right thing for them to do. Moreover, they feared there husband’s reaction if they joined the project and even went to an extent of suggesting that the loans should be given to them (husbands). Most the women were illiterate; this greatly affected the communication process and also the understanding how to handle the money they had.

Grameen’s project is far much different from the IMF’s project. Unlike the IMF’s project which entails teaching the poor before giving them the grant, Grameen project empowers the skill one has. This project does not facilitate any training but it helps build the survival skill one has. The IMF’s project is aimed at building roads, bridges and things of the sort but Grameen’s project is aimed at empowering the poor earn a living through providing them with loans to promote their businesses. In the developing world, Grameens project can be very effective in alienating poverty. The project is personalized to an individual. This removes the obstacle of political leaders who in developing world are so corrupt and can not forward the funds to the poor instead they use the funds for their own good. In developed world, since there is a good network of infrastructure and also then leadership system is in order, the IMF’s project can be effective.

Yunus on several occasions has criticized the World Bank. In one occasion, the World Bank president, Barber Conable, claimed to be providing financial aid to Grameen in Bangladesh. This statement received criticism from Yunus. Also, Yunus criticized the way the World Bank handled the people who received its aid. The World Bank was dictating how the beneficiaries were handling there businesses and this was against Yunus principles. In another instance, Yunus criticized how the formula in which the World Bank releases its fund. This was because a large percentage of the funds were spent on construction of roads and other such like projects instead of helping the poor. This only benefited the elite in the society.

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The Advantages - Disadvantages of Self Employment - Help Me To Save

I do think that sometimes people get carried away with the idea of self employment without looking at the reality of it. I’ve been self employed as an online publisher since 2002 but also had a part time (3-4 days a week), freelance job until May 2009. In my experience, almost every aspect of being self employed that has an advantage, also has a disadvantage.

Doing Something You Love

While being self employed gives you the opportunity to do a job you’ll enjoy, it’s unlikely that you’ll take pleasure in every aspect of the work. I started my travel website, Europe a la Carte. so I could work in a field in which I had a great interest. However, once I gave up my part time day job and needed to make a certain income from the site to pay towards living expenses, I started having to spend more time on doing things in which I wasn’t interested, e.g. search engine optimisation and selling advertising. However, these tasks were essential to earn a living from my site.


While being self employed you do undoubtedly have more freedom and control of some aspects of work than as an employee, you have to make all the decisions yourself which can be liberating, yet exhausting. I can take time off when I want, e.g. to sit in the garden if it’s a sunny afternoon or go for a walk on a weekday morning ; but then I’ll need to work in the evening to make up for that time off.

Location Independence

In theory many self employed people can work from anywhere as long as you have a decent internet connection but I’m not so sure about that; I don’t think you replace real face-to-face contact. I’ve missed out on a lot of networking events and travel press trips as I don’t live near London.


Being self employed gives you the potential to make more money than being an employee. But remember to factor in employer pension contributions, sick pay and holiday pay to your comparisons. As an employee you know how much you’re going to be paid and on which date. When you’re self employed you could have some lean times and/or issues with your invoices not being paid on time.

Working From Home

Obviously this depends on the type of self employment you are undertaking, but if it’s clerical/computer based, you will probably work from home, at least some of the time. This means no commuting and you can work around family commitments. However, you may find it hard to keep on top of things due to other obligations, miss the company of colleagues at work, find it hard to stay focused and lack any boundaries between work and home.

Hours of Work

Because you enjoy what you’re doing, want to make a success of it and/or are under pressure to earn a certain amount, you may find that you work many more hours than as an employee. It’s quite common for me to work an 80 hour week. There are hardly any days when I don’t do at least a bit of work, but that’s because I prefer to keep on top of things.

Is Self Employment For You?

Only you can weigh up the advantages and disadvantages of self employment, depending on your own circumstances. I’d just caution you to be realistic in your evaluation.

Overall, being self employed is working out for me as a lifestyle choice which allows me to work flexibly from home. My husband took early retirement, so being self employed means we can spend time together during the day. On the financial front, I’ve replaced my earnings from my previous job.

You can read my thoughts on the pros and cons of being a self employed home based worker in my articles work from your home and being a blogger .

This entry was posted on Friday, August 26th, 2011 at 7:08 am and is filed under It's Your Life. Making Money. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Tourism Essay

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About Us More About Us Advantages And Disadvantages Of Tourism Essay

Published: 23, March 2015


According to the World Tourism Organization tourists are the people who "travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one successive year for leisure, business and other purposes not interrelated to the exercise of an activity rewarded from within the place visited". Tourism is mainly popular as a global freedom activity.

Tourism is a critical source of income for many countries and it generates income through the consumption of goods and services by tourists, the taxes levied on businesses in the tourism industry, and the opportunity for employment in the service industries associated with tourism.

Some of the services offered by these industries include transportation services such as cruise ships and taxis, accommodation services such as hotels, restaurants, bars, and entertainment venues, and other hospitality industry services such as spas and resorts.

The tourism requires having some of disposable income, time off from work and other responsibilities, proper transportation and accommodation facilities and legal clearance for travelling. More than all, sufficient health condition during the course of travel is required.

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There are some countries which have legal limitations on travelling abroad. Any projections of growth in tourism serve as an suggestion of the relative influence that each country will exercise in the future.


Essay Question: Report for critically analysing a location or sector of the tourist industry, and the key issues affecting that sector or location and suggest a change strategy to address the issues

1. What is meant by Tourism Industry?

Tourism has been identified as one of the world's largest industries and is more and more developing world wide. Further it is moving for primarily recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel. Business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity compensated from within the place visited". Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2004, there were over 763 million international tourist arrivals in UK.

Tourism is very important for many countries, due to the income generated by the utilization of goods and services by tourists, the taxes levied on businesses in the tourism industry, and the opportunity for employment in the service industries associated with tourism. These service industries are included transportation services such as cruise ships and taxis, accommodation such as hotels, restaurants, bars, and entertainment venues, and other hospitality industry services such as spas and resorts. (Harrison, 2001)

1.1 Definition for Tourism

The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure

One of the earliest definitions of tourism was provided by the Austrian economist in 1910, who defined it as, "bob total of operators, mainly of an economic nature, which directly relate to the entry, stay and movement of foreigners inside and outside a certain country, city or a region. (Swarbrooke, 2001)

Hunziker and Krapf, in 1941 state that tourism as "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, insofar as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity.

1.2 Advantages and Disadvantages of Tourism

Tourism is the act of travel for the purpose of not only recreation, but also the provision of services for this act. It might occupy local services such as entertainment, accommodation and catering for tourists. It may seem, that tourism brings only benefits, but further consideration shows that it also has disadvantages.

Generally, many countries depend greatly upon travel expenditures by foreigners as a source of taxation and as a source of income for the enterprises. Therefore, the development of tourism is often a strategy to promote a particular region for the purpose of increasing commerce through exporting goods and services.

Secondly, it provides direct employment for the people associated with occupations in bars and hotels. Thanks to it, the average standard of living of people increases well and at the same time unemployment is on the decrease.

However, tourists cause environmental damage through forest fires, destruction of sand dunes and pollution. Consequently this serves negatively as increased pollution disturbs local residents and also it may discourage tourists from further entering the country.

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After this, tourism undermines culture by commercializing it and this is often connected with increasing litter, graffiti, vandalism and noise - tourists do not always respect traditional cultures, which is sad but true. In general, tourism is an extremely profitable process in loads of countries, especially those in which the process of development continue to depend on this industry because this industry does not require a lot of literacy and also it yields maximum profits with less investment. (Harrison, 2001)

1.3 Different sectors of Tourism

The tourism industry has been composed of eight different sectors or areas. Those are mentioned below,

  • Accommodation
  • Adventure Tourism and Recreation
  • Attractions
  • Events and Conferences
  • Food and Beverage
  • Tourism Services
  • Transportation
  • Travel Trade

Out of these sector I have selected Attraction sector of tourism for the identify the key issues affecting that sector and suggest a change strategy to address the issues

1.4 Attraction of tourism sector

Considering the one of the country, attractions include historic sites, heritage homes, museums, halls of fame, art galleries, botanical gardens, aquariums, zoos, water parks, amusement parks, casinos and cultural attractions. Many attractions are educational in nature, others are only for entertainment. As an example,Canada has a wealth of cultural and heritage attractions: the Parliament Buildings and National Gallery in Ottawa, the Fortress of Louisbourg in Cape Breton, and Lower Fort Garry National Historic Site in Manitoba. There are heritage communities like Vancouver's Gastown, natural resource attractions like the hot springs in Banff and Jasper National Parks, and the northern lights in the Northwest Territories. In addition, there are large delight parks like Canada's Wonderland in Ontario, museums such as the Maritime .To maintain this important part of Canada's tourism industry, the Canadian Tourism Commission has developed. The sub-committee's mandate is to plan, direct, mange and put into action by programs to improve and develop cultural heritage tourism in Canada. The sub-committee is made up of culture, heritage and tourism industry representatives from across Canada acting to ensure that cultural & heritage tourism will become a vivacious and advantageous part of the Canadian Tourism industry. But every province and territory in Canada has major and minor attractions that attract visitors and generate tourism income Because of the Canadian climate, many outside attractions and seasonal. Indoor attractions operate year round, and some, like West Edmonton Mall, combine activities, such as shopping with an pleasure park, an ice rink and a water park. All attractions may be large or small and need people to sell food and souvenirs, market the attraction, maintain the facility and manage the operation. The attractions sector important for a wide range of employment opportunities, ranging from seasonal part time to permanent full time positions. Further there is also variety in the types of jobs available. As an example, Casinos are rapidly growing area of the attractions sector, adding many new positions, such as pit bosses and dealers, to the labour pool. According to the statistics of tourist sector, It is estimated that in 1997, 120,000 people were employed in the attractions sector and service is expected to reach 152,000 by 2005.

In the UK attractions are at the heart of the tourism industry. Visit attractions are typically the main motivator for both domestic visitors and international tourists. They are organized trips for visit the various places for their entertainment and keep mind rest.

Normally, there are four main types of attractions are identified and it is illustrated below.

Source: Article of Key Issues in Visitor Attraction Management in a Competitive Market, 2001

2.0 Key issues for attraction sector

There are also some issues can be identified as arise of issues from attraction sector. which are specific to particular sectors of the attractions business, some of which are identified below:

2.1 Heritage attractions

making use of the latest technologies for explanation but ensuring that the medium does not become more important than the message

incorporating recent history and the varying nature of society in the UK, such as the growth of ethnic communities,

linking the community whose story is being told by the heritage attraction and

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Deciding what stories should be told and how they should be told.

When a community's heritage is the tool of what it offers visitors, protecting that heritage is essential. Therefore the major challenge in cultural heritage tourism programs is ensuring that increased tourism does not destroy the very qualities that attract visitors in the first place. (Swarbrooke, 2001)

Further some problems related to. Heritage attractions.These problems are travellers increasing in numbers and adding stress and strain to infrastructure and heritage sites are, as Safer says, only beginning, and the travel industry is already addressing them. But a challenge results not only from visitor impact, but also from visitor opportunity of quality products and services. Tourism is essentially in the service industry, which means it depends on the capability of people in many different jobs and locations. In addition to tourism is an attractive form of economic development

2.2. How improve Heritage attractions

Cultural endowments such as traditional design, unique street-scapes, and historic sites are increasingly recognized as important economic resources in both developed and developing countries. Cities are regularly an important focal point for development based on these resources because they provide concentrations of heritage assets, infrastructure services, private sector activity, and human resources. Improving the preservation and management of urban heritage is not only important for preserving its historic significance but also for its impending to increase income-earning opportunities, city livability, and competitiveness. (Harrison, 2001)

The World Bank-financed projects have identified that heritage conservation has increased city liveability by preserving streets and neighbourhoods built at a human scale, public areas that support positive community relations, and green spaces that offer recreational activities. By preserving their heritage, cities can be produce a unique sense of place and singular urban landscapes, developing strong branding and conditions to attract investors. This is principally true for investors in tourism and which is one of the major industries in the world today and has a pathway record of creating significant levels of employment for unskilled and semi-skilled workers. In addition to improving a city's self-image and identity through identification of heritage resources has been shown to increase public satisfaction and energize communities to actively address a wide range of development and livelihood issues. (Kotler 1998)

Further the conservation of cultural heritage supports urban recovery by preserving city liveability, increasing competitiveness, and creating a wide range of income-earning opportunities.The Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Thematic Group (CHST) was established in 2004 as a network of practitioners to mainstream support for heritage conservation into infrastructure, private sector, and social development projects. The thematic group reflects the multi-disciplinary characteristics of the CHST family, prominence by the wealth of information and experience available among more than one hundred Bank professionals. In the urban sector, it is clear that infrastructure projects can supply an entry point for useful interventions in heritage conservation and development. on the other hand, many task team leaders find that discussions of lending that recognize the value of local heritage provide a positive starting point for dialogue on downstream lending operations addressing broader-based infrastructure investment needs. This note focuses on the rationale for World Bank-financed infrastructure projects that include or focus on conservation of cultural heritage belongings either for their own value or as a element of infrastructure and economic development strategies.

2.3 Theme and amusement parks

There is growing pressure for better protection at theme and amusement parks in the light of highly-publicised accidents in recent years, here is a need to incorporate the latest rides, even though this is very expensive and is making it difficult for smaller theme and amusement parks to compete,

parks have to ensure that children can learn something from their visit to the park, and this will help in attracting families and school groups.

2.4. How improve facility of amusement parks

The safety of visitors who enjoy the park's facilities and services is of dominant concern. Further safety is a collective responsibility. Visitors must take safety measures that reflect the risk involved in their chosen activity. This involves knowledge of natural hazards, proper equipment and provisions, adequate skill and fitness, and the ability to cope with emergencies. Park management will focus on safety information, facility design, and staff training. ark staff continue to work with the local and regional tourism industry, keeping up-to-date on trends and offering reliable experiences based on the park's key ecological and cultural values. (Kotler 1998)

2.5 Wildlife attraction

wildlife attraction managers are having to come to terms with growing public concern over animals being kept in captivity for the entertainment, or even the education, of visitors,

the opportunity to use Virtual Reality technologies to educate visitors about wildlife.

2.6 How improve Wildlife attractions for tourism

Planning for Action

Biodiversity Action Plan apply for conservation priorities, and it support how to manage and monitor activities of biodiversity including wildlife.

Reviewing your purchasing strategy

Every business consumes products and services supplied by other businesses. By managing what you buy, how you use products and how you dispose of waste you can improve your own, and other companies biodiversity performance.

Managing your environmental impacts

Reviewing and managing your overall environmental performance also benefits biodiversity and can help reduce costs. For example, the energy used to heat and light accommodation will come from the power creation industry. Conserving energy reduces CO2 emissions, Increased rates of climate change adversely impacts on species, habitats and ecosystems. Recycling and waste reduction reduces the amount of landfill and potentially increases the amount of space, which can be left for natural habitat conservation.

Raising Awareness among people

Providing for services or goods by tourism providers that contribute positively to biodiversity conservation can bring visitors closer to wildlife. You can widen the potential for low impact tourism, and help people to make relate between their own environment, lives and communities. Most of the people's interests in wildlife watching and conservation arise as a direct result of the experience they receive from recreational activities. (Kotler 1998)

Working with others

Many smaller tourism businesses connecting up with forums like Tourism and Environment Forum or local sustainable business forums can be a good mode to awareness creation. Such networks are also important sources of current information about new opportunities, grants, trends and regulations.

3.0 How attraction sector of Tourist industry improve in UK

The attractions sector is very important to the achievement of success I in UK tourist industry. In there managers face wide range of challenges, opportunities and threats, that will determine the future success of the sector. Whether they end up being opportunities or threats may well depend on how managers react to them. For example, for attractions which successfully hold new technologies - such as Virtual Reality and the Internet - these technologies is an opportunity to achieve aggressive advantage.

The UK attractions sector is obviously diverse which accounts for its noticeable fragmentation. There is a need for the sector to become more organized and speak with one voice, so it can have greater influence on the government policy-making process and resulting legislation affecting the industry.

At the same time, the developments in the attractions sector abroad are providing competitive challenges for the UK attractions sector. currently new attractions have been opened in countries as diverse as France and the USA, Spain and Japan, Australia and China. UK attraction managers can learn a lot from successful foreign practices: from design and marketing, to catering and providing for disabled visitors.

Within the UK, the government wishes to take action to create a more level playing field for attraction operators. Subsidies to major national museums and huge National Lottery grants for new projects are probably 'unfair' competition for most small attractions. It appears that it is the small attractions that will find the future particularly difficult, as they lack the resources to participate directly with the larger players. The same situation exists in other sectors of tourism, such as hotels and tour operators, and definitely in industry in general. The way ahead for small attractions, as with hotels and tour operators, is the need for interest, differentiation, the use of the Internet for marketing, and an emphasis on personal service. (Swarbrooke, 2001)

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