Office of Environmental Management Corporate Projects Initiative January 2003
Definition of EM Completion and DOE Site Closure
This fact sheet defines critical points in the cleanup process, specifies where the Office of Environmental Management (EM) programmatic responsibility ends, and clarifies the responsibilities of other Program Secretarial Offices managing a site after EM’s mission is complete. Accordingly, these definitions serve as the framework for developing or revising strategic plans, site baselines, and implementation plans.
Environmental Management (Cleanup) includes those activities necessary to evaluate and mitigate a release or threat of release of a hazardous substance that may pose a risk to human health or the environment. Cleanup activities may include source term remediation, facility disposition, ground water response measures, surface water response measures, and legacy waste management (e.g. transuranic and orphan waste disposition). The term cleanup is used interchangeably with the terms remedial action, removal action, response action, and corrective action. Response Action Completion occurs when a specific response attains its response action objective(s)/cleanup criteria such that no land use restrictions remain (e.g. contaminant concentrations reduced to acceptable, healthbased levels in ground water). EM Completion occurs when: 1) all required short-term response activities at a specific site are complete (e.g. soil excavation, cap construction, building decommissioning); 2) all required long-term response measures (e.g. ground water treatment systems) are constructed and determined to be operational and functional; 3) all necessary documentation is in place (e.g. engineering certifications/and verifications, post-closure or operating
permits, final site condition/configuration records); and 4) the site is.
Cultural Studies and Electronic Media: RemediationCultural Studies and Electronic Media: Remediation
Many people consider that in modern world of high technologies traditional film-making is likely to be replaced by a digital one. It would be a significant turn in film-industry. Henry Jenkins defines the concept “remediation” as the representation of one medium in another (Jenkins, 2006). Taking a broader view, remediation means the process when old media is pushed aside by new media, but it also implies that new ways of film-making are actually based on old ones. Painting was once remediated by photography, stage performances were pushed aside by movies. And finally digital movie-making threatens to remediate analog technologies, although new media has borrowed much from earlier kinds of media. The introduction of digital technologies enabled general public to change media content by creating amateur video and distributing fan video, based on world-wide famous movies. This process is sometimes called media convergence. It implies that average citizens have been given access to media production.
It became possible to make films at home with the help of an advanced digital camera with a vast variety of options. Now people are able to create a movie or just record memorable moments of their life. New media gives people an opportunity to choose between witnessing lives of other people on the screen and making their own films at home. Digital cameras and other devices give people a chance to participate in movie-making. Nowadays the market of PC expands on account of digital media, as customers are buying up digital cameras for various purposes.
There is not a shadow of doubt that digital movie is a step forward. What are advantages and disadvantages of this new kind of media in comparison with the traditional one? High quality of picture and sound is probably the most noticeable positive side of digital video. In addition, digital movie-making allows achieving the effect of home cinema. Finally, it is several times more convenient to make a movie-montage, as it became easier to create special effects. The only disadvantage of new media is that not all people possess new equipment capable to show digital video. But this problem is easy to solve, because digital television is our nearest future. Step by step, people upgrate their equipment to keep up with latest technologies. Everyone knows how easy it is to store and copy digital movies. The system of digital cinematograph allows selecting languages, depending on the audience. It gives people an opportunity to watch films in the original. And it is especially beneficial for those, who study foreign languages and want to pick up a couple of useful phrases.
Most people think that home movie-making gradually becomes a new kind of media, which saves time and gives a chance to share your “production” with friends by means of Internet. Everything a person needs to start making a movie is a low-cost camcorder, capture card and a firewire card. The camcorder is needed to transit a movie between a digital camera and a computer. Thus, it completely saves time for editing a movie. The camcorder ensures the high quality of the picture. Some people may doubt that there are not as much opportunities to create fascinating effects, as in professional movie-making. Nonetheless, home film-industry has already accomplished visible success in this sphere. It allows people to include musical recordings, titles or subtitles and narration. There already exist computer programs, which allow users to put recordings in order and create a full-value movie .
In the twenty first century young generations are able to experiment with innovative media technologies. Everyday activities of modern people have drastically changed (Drotner, 2004).
Thus, teenagers are no longer sitting in libraries, helplessly trying to find necessary books. Instead of it, they are able to find information with a single click. Just like electronic resources have replaced printed ones, digital video threatens to replace traditional analog media. Many people, however still claim that there is no threat of such a replacement. New kinds of media simply enrich the variety of old media. Who is right? If to take a broader view, the choice between old and new media depends on age category. Older population still prefers reading printable literature and watching television. Younger generation, however, chooses innovative technologies without hesitation. Younger people are often called multi-media generation, as they prefer to combine different kinds of media in their daily leisure activities.
The question is whether analog video still has chances to survive, or whether it is doomed to be completely superseded by new digital technologies. An analog camera is a fifty-year old solution for people who prefer devices of proven reliability and do not dare to learn how to operate digital gadgets, no matter how convenient they are. Nonetheless, once you start using a digital camera, there will be no need in analog one with less options and lower speed. Installation and maintenance are two basic elements, which should be taken into account when choosing a camera. Digital video is intended for those who are in favor new means of communication, entertainment, high speed and high quality.
In order to understand whether analog movies have chance to survive, it is important to illustrate the differences between analog and digital video. It has to be mentioned that the main drawback of analog systems is short distance of transition. Digital video, however, can be easily sent to distant spots with the help of new computer technologies. For instance, a digital video can be sent from your home to your working place, if you would like to share impressions about your newly created movie with your colleagues. In this way digital systems prove to be hundred times more productive, as they enable users to enjoy such privileges as distant learning and video-conferencing, for example. Moreover, in many cases the installation of analog coaxial cables in every necessary spot requires additional financial expenses. Digital systems, however, allow not only sending video to various locations, but also making personal home-recordings or even movies.
The replacement of old media by new media is still under the discussion. The year of 2004 was marked by a significant event in the promotion of digital technologies. The first movie was transmitted by means of mobile phones. This way of movie distribution marked the temporary victory of digital technologies over analog ones. But hard to believe though it may be, people will choose to watch movies on small cell-phone screens. At least, it is likely to become a way to watch short samples of movies.
Many film producers claim that the upcoming revolution of digital technologies is going to move aside old media. A lot of researchers are trying to clarify the drastic contrasts between old-fashioned means of media and innovated media. Most of them claim that old media will be not merely moved aside, but completely displaced by emerging media, and this process is irreversible. In reality, however, such opinion is groundless and maybe even false.
In fact, the new media has become an essential part of our lives long time ago. It smoothly mixed with existing technologies, without doing visible harm to them. It did not bring noticeable changes into our leisure activities (Jenkins, 2006).
The only considerable change is an opportunity to make movies at home and edit them with the help of computer graphics. Some people consider that non-professional home movie-making is likely to become more fashionable, because people are more interested in commemorating their own lives, than observing the joys and sorrows of other people on the screen. Maybe just like black and white movies were once pushed aside by colour film-productions, professional movies will become less popular, than home-made ones.
Analog 8mm video recorders are obviously becoming old-fashioned, and people, who would not even think of creating their own movies, are actually going to create them (Jenkins, 2007).
Will movie-making remain a true art of professions? Another problem lies in reworking of different professional movies into humorous scenes made by fans that seem to have too much free time. Devoted fans are eager to make a creative contribution into the film-productions of mass culture. Some people are engaged in it for personal purposes, others do it for fun or because they do not want to part with their favorite film-characters. Still others would like to share their emotions with the whole nation via Internet. In this way, the process of remediation also means freedom of movie-making, which originates from opening up the media equipment, such as digital cameras with camcorders, to common people. But we should not forget that movie-making is first of all art, and this art must not be contaminated with amateur productions, made for fun. Non-professional digital movie-making is characterized by a striking variety of approaches and ideas. Amateur movie-making and engagement of general public encourages the incessant development and widening of media content. For obvious reasons home movie-making has become one more leisure activity. Most people nowadays can afford cheap camcorders and other digital devices, which enable them to begin a career of film producers. The powerful imagination gives modern people an opportunity to make creative movies and even documentary films. More and more non-professional movies have been added to the websites. It demonstrates domination over old media and reveals creativity of average people.
On the other hand, the tendency of making amateur video has radically reduced the outlay of professional movie production and its distribution. Nonetheless, it does not seem to have changed our understanding of the art of movie-making. It is doubtful that consumers of new media will be able to reign over traditional medial content.
In conclusion it has to be mentioned that this research is an attempt to put in order and sum up different points of view on the process of media reshapening. The question of whether old media will be completely displaced by new digital technologies is still under discussion. People often say that the process of remediation is a freedom which they have allowed themselves. To sum up, innovative digital technologies give average citizens a vast variety of opportunities to demonstrate their creativity by making movies, fan video and documentary films at home. Remediation has evidently enriched the diversity of everyday leisure activities, no matter how it affects old media. The most considerable advantages of digital technologies are high quality of sound and picture, affordability and simplicity of copying and distribution.
Bolter, J. D. and Grusin, R. Remediation: Understanding New Media. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000.
Drotner, Kirsten. Youth Media Cultures: Challenges and Chances for Librarians. Department of Film and Media Studies, University of Copenhagen, 2004. http://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla64/130-113e.htm
Jenkins, Henry. Convergence Culture. New York University Press, 2006.
Jenkins, Henry. Quentin Tarantino’s Star Wars? Digital Cinema, Media Convergence and Participatory Culture, 2007. http://web.mit.edu/cms/People/henry3/starwars.htm
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The new 400,000-s/f building will replace the current Fiterman Hall, which is scheduled to be remediated and deconstructed over the coming months.
Particleboard and flakeboard panels were fabricated from remediated CCA-treated southern yellow pine.
Not all of the news will be good, because some companies will have to disclose control deficiencies that have not yet been remediated as of fiscal year end.
Yet Superfund sites are being remediated while research is still going on.
Is the Y2K threat averted or remediated by these corporations more akin to outfitting a vessel against storms typically encountered during North Atlantic voyages--part of the insured's seaworthiness warranty--or protecting the ship and its cargo against the ravages of a specific storm encountered during a specific North Sea voyage, which is more likely to be a reimbursable sue-and-labor expense?
Having remediated over 100,000 homes and 50 million square feet of commercial space including hospitals, schools and major corporations, Environmental Control Services guarantees a notable decrease in job- related illness and a significant increase in job productivity.
as well as international companies will be affected by these new time changes so it's another great reason to ensure that all assets within an organization can be scanned for missing patches and remediated .
Isolated areas of soil contamination were found, but the experienced developer believed the identified pollution could be adequately managed and remediated .
Nusbaum explains that companies that have a general lack of appropriately skilled accounting resources, poor segregation of duties controls, and/or poor information system controls--whether they are small or large--are also likely to have material control weaknesses that cannot be remediated quickly.
CCA-treated southern yellow pine (SYP) chips were remediated utilizing acid extraction alone, and using acid extraction followed by bioleaching with the metal-tolerant bacterium Bacillus licheniformis CC01.
PatchLink Update ensures that all known vulnerabilities are accurately assessed, remediated and validated so that all systems are up-to-date and compliant with internal policies.
Materials such as wood studs or drywall that have been exposed to the elements and not properly dried or remediated if mold growth is observed (removing mold, encapsulating with microbial coating, etc.
1 The action of remedying something, in particular of reversing or stopping environmental damage.Example sentences
1.1 The giving of remedial teaching or therapy.Example sentences
Early 19th century. from Latin remediatio(n- ), from remediare 'heal, cure' (see remedy ) .For editors and proofreaders
Line breaks: re|medi¦ation
What is a weighted GPA? This article explains how high schools weight your GPA, and how the weighted GPA plays out in the college admissions process. UMass Lowell has potentially the best point guard in the America East Conference in Isaac White, and he is only 18. White, who came in as one of eight freshmen this. REMEDIAL INSTRUCTION IN ENGLISH (SYLLABUS) This three-unit course in Remedial Instruction in English deals with the strategies and methods of contemporary English. Remedial education (also known as developmental education, basic skills education, compensatory education, preparatory education, and academic upgrading) is signed to. ESL - free English classes - learn English as a second language or foreign language What Are Remedial Classes in a Community College. When students enroll in community college, they first must take an assessment test to determine their ability to. When the BBC's and SeeTickets' Terms and Conditions collide. This is a bit of personalised post and a grumble based upon buying online tickets for a musical event. Access Open Campus™ Classic. This version includes expanded practice quizzes. Basic Mathematics; Beginning Algebra; Intermediate Algebra; College Algebra Long Beach City College is experimenting with how it assesses students and places them in remedial classes. Before 2012, it placed all students based on. Many high school graduates in Oklahoma arrive on college campuses and find out they aren't ready to tackle math, science, reading or writing courses. They.
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Mold remediation is a process in which mold is cleaned and removed from a building, either through professional or non-professional methods. Mold remediation is necessary in cases where significant growth is present in various possible areas of a building, including carpets, ceilings and drywall. Typically, mold remediation involves special chemicals and cleaners to remove existing mold and prevent future growth.Why Remediate?
Mold is a naturally occurring organism, vastly spread through most natural environments. When significant mold growth occurs in a home or public building, the healthy and safety of its inhabitants becomes a concern. Mold is linked to respiratory and allergy diseases, especially among infants and the elderly. Additionally, cases of mold can be widespread and unsightly, as well as damaging to the structure of a building.Assessing Mold Damage
Before any remediation can begin, the mold damage must be assessed. In some cases, home occupants may continue to live in their house while the remediation takes place. In other cases, such as when large amounts of drywall or ceiling must be removed, occupants must relocate during remediation. Also, before remediation, the water source responsible for the mold growth must be found and mended.Do It Yourself
In mild cases of mold, there are methods which a building owner can utilize to tackle mold remediation without calling in professionals. A simple method for mold remediation on hard surfaces is to clean with a bleach solution. Bleach should be used in a properly ventilated area, and mixed to a solution of one cup of bleach per gallon of water.Professional Remediation
In cases of moderate to severe mold infestation, professional remediation may be the best option. The cost of mold remediation can typically range from $500 to $30,000. Specialists may be able to remove mold using special tools or methods such as a wet vacuum, damp wipe or HEPA vacuum. The case may be so severe, though, that all materials must be removed and replaced.Personal Protective Equipment
Removing mold can be a potentially hazardous task. Disturbing mold releases thousands of mold spores into the air. A mask, such as an N-95 respiratory mask, should be worn at all times during mold remediation. Skin should also be protected from mold spores and chemicals with gloves. When choosing protective goggles, choose ones designed to seal the eye area from floating particles.
DEFINING STRATEGIES FOR REMEDIATION IN REHABILITATION
Affolter Method. Dr. Felicie Affolter, a Swiss language pathologist, has developed a treatment approach involving Guiding as a Perceptual Cognitive Approach to functional development of persons with motor disorders. This approach is based on Piagetian theories of development. It assumes that perception is a prerequisite for interaction, tactile-kinesthetic information is necessary for interaction to occur and interaction is always goal-directed. The technique, as described by Affolter, requires a hands-on approach in which the therapist assists the client in performing a task. The therapist puts her arms and hands over the client's arms and hands and guides the client through the performance of a task. The client learns to register sensation of touch and movement in the process of performing the task.
Alexander Method. Gerda Alexander, a German, calls her method Eutony. "Eu" in Greek means “good, well, harmonious”, and “tomis” means “tension”. This method involves focusing on the unity of the total person. It increases one's awareness of his bodily systems and influences the way he functions.
Conductive Education System. This is a method of learning called “rhythmic intention”. In it, each task to be learned is broken down into component parts; each part is practiced separately until success is reached. Rhythmic intent as a method of learning claims to involve the client's motor, linguistic, perceptual and cognitive abilities. When several clients are working together, the group provides further motivation.
Cranio-Sacral Therapy. It involves the understanding of the cranio-sacral system and the specific techniques used by those who have been trained in this method. This modality is used with persons with neuromuscular dysfunction and helps to identify and reduce accumulated pain and stress, calm down the autonomic system, lower blood pressure and fevers, remove transient and minor restrictions, relax muscles, improve fluid exchange and blood flow, lengthen the spine, and promote general relaxation and a balancing of the body system.
Feldenkrais Method. The Feldenkrais method is an educational, neuromuscular approach to improve function. It strives toward ease of movement and improved coordination. This is accomplished through increased awareness, sensitivity and coordination. The entire sensory-motor system is involved in order to unravel habitual patterns and replace them with better motor function through changing the person's perception of movement.
Feldenkrais Awareness through Movement is based on several concepts: that one needs to learn at one's own rate, that movement is the vehicle for learning and that one need to have alternative ways of moving. Learning must be pleasurable and it must be easy. These two elements increase relaxed breathing. He felt that emphasis should be on the action of learning the movement, not the goal to be obtained; one needs to be aware of the learning process.
Handling Techniques. Any hands-on technique, which can be used to manipulate the posture or limbs of a client for therapeutic reasons, is called a “handling technique.” Facilitatory techniques are special handling techniques used by the therapist to increase the ease in carrying out a functional action or to inhibit neural responses. They assist the client by enhancing function.
posted Jul 30, 2012, 12:09 PM by Leah Santiago
This chapter was fairly unclear to me as I began to read it. I had to stop reading, google some definitions and continue. The youtube video provided was of much help. The author's writing style was confusing, it was very repetitive and unclear. After reading the chapter two times -very slowly- i gained a better understanding. The author states that remediation is the way in which one medium is seen by our culture as reforming or improving upon another." In the video, remediation is the act of repurposing media into another media format. I understood the concept when I linked both definition. The author also states that remediation is the mediation of mediation, it is a cycle. Remediation also causes reform.Reform is to put or change into an improved condition.
Creating Reader Center Websites
I have never created a website or even thought of the possibility of doing one. With this chapter, I believe I have the perfect guidelines to at least create/begin a website. I am still pretty scared and overwhelmed about it, but I am sure it will help me in the future and it will also be a fun experience to do. The guidelines in this chapter are very important and I believe necessary to copy them to this blog.
1. Learn about your website's readers and define its purpose.
2. Create a map for the website that include what your readers want and enables them to locate quickly.
3. Gather the information your readers need.
4. Respect intellectual property and provide valid information.
5. Design pages that are easy to use and attractive.
6. provide navigational aids that help your readers move quickly through your website to the information they want.
7. Unify your website verbally and virtually.
8. Construct your website so readers with disabilities can read it.
9. Design your website for international and multicultural readers.
10. Test you website before launching it.