A youth football team of the school, champion in 1934.
The school was established in Argentina on September 1, 1838, by a group of Scottish immigrants who wanted to educate their children in their native language, culture and religion. At the beginning only girls were admitted, although the school accepted boys soon after.
The first location of the school was in Piedras 55, in downtown Buenos Aires. The institution was later moved to the neighbourhood of Constitución. where children from many nationalities attended. The chapel moved to the streets of Belgrano and Perú where it still remains. In 1882, Scotsman Alexander Watson Hutton (considered the father of Argentine football ), arrived to Buenos Aires after being hired by St. Andrew's as headmaster. Hutton encouraged the teaching of sports at the school, which conflicted with the position of the authorities of not considering sports as important as he did. Due to his disagreeing with the policies of the establishment, Hutton resigned one year later. After leaving St. Andrew's, Hutton founded his own institution, the Buenos Aires English High School. where he applied his ideas on the teaching of sports in Argentina. [ 1 ] [ 2 ]Sports Football club
The team that won the first Argentine Primera División title in 1891.
Medals awarded to St. Andrew's players when they won the 1891 final vs. Old Caledonians.
The football team, formed by students of the school, [ 4 ] is considered the first Primera División champion, even being recognised by the Argentine Football Association. [ 5 ] The squad won the first tournament organized in 1891 by the "Argentina Association Football League", a body founded that same year by fellow student Alec Lamont, although disestablished soon after the end of the season. The five teams registered to play the tournament were (apart from St. Andrew's), Old Caledonians, Buenos Aires & Rosario Railway, Belgrano Football Club (predecessor of current Belgrano Athletic Club ) and Buenos Aires Football Club (not related to the first football club of Argentina founded in 1867 ). Hurlingham also registered but did not play any match. [ 6 ]
The practice of football in Argentina was spread thanks to Lamont and Alexander Watson Hutton. who later established Alumni. the most successful team until its dissolution in 1911. [ 7 ]
The first championship started on 12 April and finished on 13 September 1891. At the end of the season, St. Andrew's and Old Caledonians, a team formed by employees of the Scottish company that built the main drainage of Buenos Aires, [ 4 ] shared the first position and the Association considered the title shared, but both teams had to play a new match only to award the medals. [ 6 ] Therefore, St. Andrew's and Old Caledonians played a new game, played on September 13, 1891 and won by St. Andrew's by 3-1. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] Despite its success, the St. Andrew's Football Club was dissolved the same year.
Being the first Argentine champion gave St. Andrew's fame and prestige. The first crest of Independiente was influenced by St. Andrew's. The team disputed only one more tournament in 1894. which was won by Lomas Athletic Club. St. Andrew's finished 5th over 6 teams, having lost 7 games of 10 played. After that season, St. Andrew's FC never played an official football championship again.Present days
In 1911 the principal of the school, William Hardie, founded the Club San Andrés. a sports club that only admitted alumni and students. [ 10 ] Sports currently practised at the club include rugby union. field hockey and association football. Its rugby team plays at the Torneo de la URBA Grupo I. the first division in the league system of the Unión de Rugby de Buenos Aires. [ 11 ]Honours Football
The union flag of Great Britain is sometimes referred to as the Union Jack and is made up of three overlaid crosses. One of these crosses is the flag of the Patron Saint of Scotland, Saint Andrew, although he was not actually born in Scotland.
Andrew’s home was Copernicum, and like his brother Simon Peter, he was a fisherman.
Andrew, along with Peter, James and John formed the inner circle of Jesus’ 12 apostles. Andrew was however a disciple of St. John the Baptist prior to becoming a follower of Christ.
Not a great deal is known about his early life other than he is mentioned in the Bible as taking part in the ‘Feeding of the Five Thousand’. It is not absolutely certain where he preached the Gospel, or where he is buried, but Patras in Achia claims to be the place where he was martyred and crucified on a cross.
Whilst it is not certain where Andrew actually preached - Scythia, Thrace and Asia Minor have all been mentioned – it appears he traveled great distances in order to spread the word, and it may be this which links him with Scotland.
Two versions of events claim this link.
One legend builds upon Andrew’s extensive travels, claiming that he actually came to Scotland and built a church in Fife. This town is now called St Andrews. and the church became a centre for evangelism, and pilgrims came from all over Britain to pray there.
Another ancient legend recalls how it was after the death of Andrew, sometime in the 4th century, that several of his relics where brought to Fife by Rule, a native of Patras.
Whichever legend is closer to the truth we are unlikely to ever unravel, however it is these links that explain why Andrew is now the Patron Saint of Scotland.
Churches were dedicated to him from early times throughout Italy and France as well as in Anglo Saxon England. where Hexham and Rochester were the earliest of 637 medieval dedications.
St. Andrew has also been remembered down through the ages for the way he met his terrible death in A.D. 60.
It is said that he believed himself unworthy to be crucified on a cross like that of Christ, and so he met his end on a ‘saltire’, or X-shaped cross (St Andrew’s cross ) which became his symbol. His cross, in white on a blue background, remains the proud symbol of Scotland today and forms a central component of the Flag of the Union of Great Britain.
The St Andrew's cross (left) and the Union Jack
The supposed anniversary of his martyrdom is 30 November, and it is this date that is honoured as his feast day each year.
Today, pilgrims of another sort make the journey from all over the world to the tiny city of St Andrews. internationally recognised as the traditional home of golf .
St Columba and the Isle of Iona - Lying off the west coast of the Isle of Mull the tiny Isle of Iona, barely three miles long by one mile wide, has had an influence out of all proportion to its size on the establishment of Christianity in Scotland, England and throughout mainland Europe. Iona's place in history was secured in 563 AD when.
St Margaret - Under Queen Margaret's leadership Church councils promoted Easter communion and, much to joy of the working-class, abstinence from servile work on a Sunday. Margaret founded churches, monasteries and pilgrimage hostels and established the Royal Mausoleum at Dunfermline Abbey with monks from Canterbury.
Favorite Traditions of St. Andrew’s Day will be the final Patron of Saints Celebration that occurs within the UK. It is written that St. Andrew was Christ’s first disciple and he is the Patron Saint of Scotland, Greece, and Russia. I’m sure there are some theologians or other religious experts that may differ with the previous statement. However, for the purpose of this hub I am only focusing on the belief and what is written on behalf of St. Andrew’s patron saint of Scotland.
Unlike St. George’s Day in England, the Scottish celebrates their Patron of Saints holiday. As a matter of fact, Scots all over the world have gradually begin to celebrate their national bank holiday much like the Irish celebrates St. Patrick’s Day! But hold on, it is not quite time to celebrate just yet; St. Andrew’s Day is on November 30 th of every year. This special day became an official bank holiday of Scotland in 2007, however it is not a holiday for the rest of the UK. A bank holiday and not a public holiday means chances are businesses will be open; however operating on a holiday schedule. So since we have some time, perhaps you might want to grab your favorite drink, sit back relax, put up your feet, and let’s start an online journey to learn more about Saint Andrew.
The History of St. Andrews, Ancient and ModernWho was Saint Andrew?
As you may know Saint Andrew was the brother of Simon Peter (Saint Peter) and they lived in Galilee and were fishermen by trade prior to becoming part of the Twelve Apostles. Saint Andrewis credited with spreading the Christian religion through Asia Minor and Greece. Andrew was viewed by others as a man having authority because he was very close to Jesus, had foresight and wisdom and was referred to as “the First Called.”
It was Andrew and Philip who spoke to Jesus on behalf of the gentiles that came to see him. And it was Andrew who bought the boy with the five barley loaves and two fishes to Jesus at the feeding of five thousand. As with other patron of saints during this era that have fervently defended the Christians, St. Andrew was put to death by the Romans in Patras, Southern Greece in AD 60. According to Catholic Online . he was crucified by being tied (not nailed) to a traversed (x-shaped) cross. Legend states that he lived for two days in a state of suffering (placed on the cross upside down), however continued to preach to the people who gathered around him.Martyrdom of St Andrew
Artwork: Bartolome Esteban Murillo, 1675-82St Andrew's Story St. Andrew’s Relics Journeys to Scotland
In the earlier days of Christianity the relics (bones and other articles) of saints should be preserved to help individuals know that these Saints were real people, no matter how super heroic or extraordinary they were while living. At times these relics were split among different churches for preservation. St Andrew’s bones remained in a tomb for about 300 years and then the Emperor Constantine (the Great) ordered them to be moved to his new capital Constantinople (now Istambul in Turkey). But then, a Greek Monk called St. Regulus (or St. Rule) had a dream in which he was warned and directed by an Angel to take St. Andrew’s relics to the “ends of the earth” for safe-keeping.
As legend goes some things are not explained thoroughly, however, St. Rule was able to remove an arm bone, a kneecap, a tooth, and some fingers from St. Andrew’s tomb and started transporting these relics as far away as he could. While traveling his ship wrecked on the Fife coast of Scotland, and the spot where the ship landed became known as the town of St. Andrews.
Another legend states that Acca, the Bishop of Hexham, a reknown relics or bone collector brought the relics to St. Andrews in 733. Nonetheless, I think you will agree that the first legend sounds more dramatically mysterious. Regardless of which legend is factual a chapel was built at St. Andrews and the relics were kept there. In 1160 this chapel was replaced by the Cathedral of St. Andrews and the town became the religious capital of Scotland and a great center for medieval pilgrims to come and view the relics.
Andrew was first recognized as an official patron saint of Scotland in 1320 at the signing of the Declaration of Arbroath by Scottish noblemen asserting Scotland’s independence from England. It is believed that St. Andrew’s relics were possibly destroyed during the Scottish Reformation, in which the Protestant cause returned Scotland to Christianity from idolatry of Roman Catholicism. Nevertheless, in 1879 Archbishop of Amalfi sent a small piece of Saint Andrew’s shoulder bland to the re-established Roman Catholic community of Scotland.St. Andrew’s Emblem and Flag
The thistle is a unique national emblem of Scotland. Of course there are several legends that tell how the thistle became Scotland’s symbol. One legend tells that in the late summer of 1263 King Haakon of Norway intended on conquering the Scots.
An army of Scottish Clansmen were sleeping in the fields when the Norsemen attempted to invade them by removing their footwear. Fortunately for the Scots one of the Norsemen stood on a thistle that stuck in his foot and made him yell out and awaken the Clansmen. The Scots were awakened and able to fight off their attackers and defeated the Norsemen at the Battle of Largs.
St. Andrew’s flag known as the Saltire is a white diagonal cross on sky blue background and is one of the oldest national flags of any country. The story of its origin is that St. Andrew appeared in Pictish King Angus’s dream that he would win the battle against the king from the North of England. And that on the day of the battle a white cross appeared in the sky before battle and the Scottish did win. The Saltire dates back to the 12 th century and it became Scotland’s flag in 1385. Later the cross of Saint Andrew’s flag was incorporated into the Union Flag along with the cross of Saint George (England) and the cross of Saint Patrick (Ireland).Customs, Facts, and Traditions
Some facts of interest about St. Andrew’s Day are that:
Photographed in coastal NSW, Australia Wikipedia - by T. Taylor
There is a Saint Andrews Spider:
Single ladies throw your shoe at the door.
For young women wishing to marry:
Bagpipes, Kilts, and Parades Ceilidh Dances St. Andrew's Day Festivals and Celebrations
St Andrew's Day Festival last year had over 50 events that started on the 28 th through the 30 th of November. St. Andrew’s Day is often a celebration of generally tapping back into one’s Scottish roots with traditional food, music (especially bagpipes) and dancing especially for the Scots that no longer live in their homeland. As one would expect, the focal point of St. Andrew's Day in Scotland is the city of St. Andrews in Fife . which is about an hour north of Edinburgh.
For the entire "St. Andrew's Week," one can see the culture and experience the cuisine by attending traditional music concerts, special church services, porridge-making contests, piping contests and ceilidhs, watching fireworks, and visiting places that are not normally open to the public. like the private areas of the famous Royal and Ancient Golf Course, and the Masonic Lodge.
A Ceilidh (pronounced "Kay-lay", emphasis on 1st syllable) is many things. It derives from the Gaelic word meaning a visit; it can also mean a house party, a concert or more usually an evening of informal Scottish traditional dancing to informal music. Ceilidhs in the Lowlands tend to be dances like the one in the video; in the Highlands they tend to be concerts.
Many schools in Scotland will have a special assembly focusing on St. Andrew’s patron saint and Scotland. While there will be special events held at landmarks like the Edinburgh Castle . and friends gathering for ceilidhs, haggis suppers . general whisky drinking, or other celebrations of Scottish heritage.
Here's a calendar of events for St. Andrew's Day for 2010 .
In closing, Favorite Traditions of St. Andrew’s Day there appears to be celebrations that will be occurring around the world however, with this national holiday still a few months away you might want to check back for updates to this hub on favorite traditions of St. Andrew's Day, as well as the links that I am providing. Today, social media can be a way for individuals to interact and share ideas with others that celebrate St Andrew’s Day this link on Facebook can be a good place to start.
I hope you have found the information that I’ve provided to be useful. It is my intentions as this holiday gets closer to add more fun info about this celebration. My researched revealed that the St. Andrew’s Day celebration is still rather new and it is growing larger each year so I’m sure the celebration of 2010 will have more to offer. As always comments are welcomed ; and if you have celebrated St. Andrew’s Day before please share your experiences.more from Money Glitch
prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US
I'll do that on the 29th of November hehe, HMM I will ask St Andrew for a husband, I hope the shoes will follow through. I like a dying millionaire hehe, I remember your poem Money and that's a nice poem -- cant remember the title but it is about love. Great hub again and thumbs up! Maita
Great hub MG! I've worked with a lot of Scots over the years in the shipbuilding and offshore business so I have some knowledge of what you've written, but this is a very concise & interesting account of some of the traditions of the country. do you or have you considered writing for travel magazines? you should!
Money Glitch 6 years ago from Texas Author
@PDH - LOL! I think I will give this one a try as well. The key to the shoe toss is to practice early; so that you can learn to throw it just right. Hehehe! Love your comments that for stopping by for a read, my friend. )
Money Glitch 6 years ago from Texas Author
@WE5 - Wow, what a compliment WE5! As a matter of fact one of my dreams is to be able to travel, learn about the culture of places, and write about it. Just haven't figured out how to make it happen yet. Thanks for your kind comments based on your personal experience. )
Teresa Laurente 6 years ago from San Antonio, Texas, U.S.A.
This is a very beautiful detailed story of St. Andrew. Wow! I have not known so much of him until now. Thank you for sharing this. I really do appreciate it. More power to my friend Money Glitch.
Money Glitch 6 years ago from Texas Author
Hi Teresa, I too have learned a lot about St. Andrew's story. I'm glad that you've enjoyed reading his story. Thanks my friend for your kind words. )
barryrutherford 6 years ago from Queensland Australia
Well done beautifully set out. )
Contact Our School
English at St Andrews, Scotland:
Situated in the beautiful and historic town of St Andrews (less than one hour from Edinburgh) on the east coast of Scotland, English at St Andrews (EASA) is a family-run business that provides residential English courses. Our unique programmes are designed for business executives, professionals, golf players, whisky enthusiasts, and business graduates who would like to enjoy a quality & intensive English learning experience in the UK.
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Quality English Language Training:
Our full-immersion intensive English courses are customized to meet your specific needs and interests. We can combine Business English and General English classes with a range of engaging leisure activities, including culture, golf and / or whisky tasting.
Learning does not simply take place in the classroom, but out on the golf course (where clients are always accompanied by an EASA representative) on cultural excursions, distillery visits and whisky appreciation talks.
At EASA, we are qualified professionals and we are all very passionate about what we do. Our team has a diverse mix of skills and experience within business, and bring these together to offer added value to our clients. Designed to help you progress quickly, our short-term English courses combine quality English language classes with fun cultural and sporting activities. These courses aim to help you to significantly improve your ability to promote yourself and / or your company in an English-speaking setting. Students should have an English level of lower intermediate or above.
Our English courses are designed for:
- Business executives + professionals who are looking for an intensive English training experience but wish to mix this with some leisure opportunities, e.g. golf, culture, whisky
- Companies who wish to reward top performance with an English training experience
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Beautiful & Historic Location:
Rich with history and architecture, St Andrews is world-renowned as being the "Home of Golf" and the location of Scotland's first university. Your training will be conducted in one of The Old Course Hotel’s modern conference rooms. EASA trainers follow a curriculum which employs a wide range of innovative and creative English language training techniques designed to advance your English and keep you engaged and motivated.
Exclusive Customized English Courses:
- General English or Business English training available. Your programmes can be facilitated in either 1-to-1 or small group sessions with a maximum of 9 other participants. Choose to stay for 5, 7 or 14 days.
- Leisure, cultural & social activities can be combined with English classes to provide further opportunities to practice your English. These activities include golf, whisky tasting and distillery tours.
- Experience English (5, 7 or 14 days) - Intensive English course
- Experience Golf (5 days) - English classes + Golf on some of Scotland’s best courses!
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“We have had such a wonderful 2 weeks in Scotland. We experienced that the two weeks in your English course for businesspeople helped us, back in Sweden, to continue to improve our English on our own. It gave us the motivation to continue to read English books, see English movies without subtitles, to look back at our study materials and search on the recommended websites for information. Through the personally targeted homework you reached everyone at her or his specific English level. But the most important result was that the course gave us the self-confidence to speak more naturally and fluently.
The content of the whole course was a really good mix; language classes (exercises in talking, discussions, presentations, listening, reading, spelling, pronunciation, how you stress the words etc. etc.) combined with playing golf and cultural trips. To meet the two generations of teachers was perfect. We will never forget all of you!”
- CK, International Business Consultant - Experience English
“Being able to communicate and present my company and products in accurate English is very important these days. We are a global company. It is often the common second language of many of my colleagues and clients around the world so it is important to have a broad and correct business English vocabulary. Like most Swedes I have a good level of English; however EASA with its intensive, tailored lessons has helped me a lot in a very short time. This is a course which would benefit many senior executives.
The EASA programme makes you work hard but it is also designed to help you play hard after lessons and at the weekends! Being based at the Old Course Hotel in St Andrews makes it very special and we were able to play some great golf and had an evening Single Malt Whisky appreciation talk and blind tasting in its special Tasting Room. The highlight was that we were lucky in the daily ballot and played The Old Course on our last weekend - a once in a lifetime experience for me!”
- KAN, Senior Manager Pharmaceutical Industry - Experience English
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St Andrew's Day is celebrated each year on 30 November and is Scotland's national day.
St Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland, as well as several other countries including Greece, Romania, Russia and Ukraine.
According to legend a monk called Regulus brought relics of St Andrew to Scotland where he was given land to build a church by a Pictish king. The settlement grew into the town of St Andrew's, where the cathedral became a place of religious pilgrimage and the university, the oldest in Scotland, was founded in 1413.
The Scottish flag, the Saltire, is based on the X-shaped cross on which St Andrew was crucified on 30 November, 60 AD. An ancient story tells that a St Andrew's Cross was seen in the sky on the morning of a crucial battle in 832AD between the Picts and the Angles. The Picts were inspired by the symbol and were victorious in the battle.Play Controls
In Scotland, and many countries with Scottish connections, St Andrew's Day is marked with a celebration of Scottish culture with traditional Scottish food, music and dance. Schools across Scotland hold special St Andrew's Day events and activities including art shows, Scottish country dancing, lunchtime ceilidhs, dance festivals, storytelling, reciting and writing poems, writing tall tales, cooking traditional Scottish meals, and bagpipe-playing!
In Scotland now the day is also seen as the start of a season of Scottish winter festivals encompassing St Andrew's Day, Hogmanay and Burns Night .St Andrew's Day Schools Challenge 2015
St Andrew's Day is a great opportunity to encourage learning about Scotland. The following document features seven fun activities that will ensure your learners meet the St Andrew's Day Schools Challenge 2015.Resources
Link to information and events for St Andrew's Day on Scotland.org - the official gateway to Scotland.
Section of the Education Scotland Testimony website with information about Christianity, its central teachings, and the people who practise it.
Page on the Scotland's History website about Christian saints and relics in medieval Scotland
Page on the Scotland's History website about the Christian religion in medieval Scotland.
St Andrews Cathedral was once the most important religious site in the whole of Scotland. Today the cathedral is in ruins but it is still an impressive and inspiring site. This PDF has information for teachers.
A short animation which tells the story of how St Andrew became the Patron Saint of Scotland.
Prepare for festivals, awareness days and other topical events.
Saint Andrew was one of Jesus' disciples, and the brother of Peter. Both he and Peter were fishermen. Andrew was crucified. Legend says that relics of Saint Andrew were brought to Scotland to where the town of St Andrews stands today, and around the 10th century Andrew became the patron saint of Scotland.
Another legend tells the story of a mighty battle between the Picts and the Scots, led by Oengus II, on one side and the Angles on the other. Oengus was heavily outnumbered and, while praying the night before the battle, vowed that he would make Saint Andrew patron saint of Scotland if he won the battle. The next morning a distinctive white cross of clouds appeared in the sky, which Oengus and his men declared were the sign of the cross on which Saint Andrew died, and sure enough they had a mighty victory. The white cross against the blue sky was adopted as the flag of Scotland.
Nestling between Kittocks Muir and Kittocks Corner. Stone built cottages in a row of four, 2 miles from St Andrews and constructed around 1870. The cottages are situated about ten meters from the main country road, and lie in peaceful and attractive surroundings, with views out over their private
Nestling between Kittocks Muir and Kittocks Corner. Stone built cottages in a row of four, 2 miles from St Andrews and constructed around 1870. The cottages are situated about ten meters from the main country road, and lie in peaceful and attractive surroundings, with views out over their private gardens and a large children's play area which incorporates swings and a small football pitch. Private walking from the doorstep.St Andrews Leisure Centre only 2 minutes by car. Good food, drinks, golf and leisure facilities are only 10 minutes walk away at The Fairmont St. AndrewsSleeps 6 - full weeks and short breaks (Saturday to Saturday only in summer school holidays )Our weekend rates are generally 65% - 75% of our weekly rate. Our nightly rate is not worked out on a pro rata basis from our weekly rate and generally we do not accept bookings of less than 3 nights.Further details
Sleeps 6 - full weeks and shortbreaks (Friday to Friday only in summer school holidays unless booking within 8 weeksFurther details indoors
Sitting room with original working open fire and dining area.Fitted kitchen with breakfast bar.One double bedroom/twin with en-suite bathroom and hand held shower.Two twin/double bedroomsMain shower room.Further details outdoors
Large private secure, enclosed garden with swing seat, perfect for pets and small children.Sea views from a shared children's play area private to the row of houses, with football goals, trampoline, sea-saw, swing seat, the area also has a large communal BBQ area and shelterPrivate parkingLocation description from owner The Scotland region
Our properties are based in several locations along the coast from St. Andrews to Crail. The area is rich in history and has many attractions historical and sporting, the main one being golf. The nearest train station is Leuchars and we are about 1hour 20mins North of Edinburgh. From Glasgow we are a full 2 hours driving. If coming to the area it is probably best to have a car as plenty of beautiful and interesting places can be found within a short drive from our locations. If you are planning on not hiring or bringing a car, it is best to stick to our properties within the town centres of St. Andrews or Crail. If arriving by plane the quickest travel option is to hire a car from either Glasgow or Edinburgh airport. Where as if you are arriving by train it is easiest to continue by train from Edinburgh to Leuchars and then hire a car locally (the train takes about 6 hours from London).St. Andrews
Legend tells us that the relics of the apostle Andrew were brought to Scotland by St Regulus. Having been shipwrecked off the Fife coast he founded a church on the site where the town now stands, establishing St Andrews as a prominent part of Scotland's history. Now most famous for its unrivalled golfing facilities, the town offers the visitor a vast variety of attractions and events from museums, beaches, restaurants, gardens and parks to the Highland games, the Lammas Fair and University occasions such as the Kate Kennedy parade. The town provides a unique blend of history, recreation and charm which has made St Andrews one of the most popular tourist destinations in Scotland today.We have a selection of properties in and around St. Andrews that cater to most tastes. The town centre locations are ideal for golfers and can provide accommodation to rival any hotel if you enlist the services of our chef, whereas the more rural properties offer a more relaxed and family orientated accommodation with children's play areas that include swings,see-saw, trampolines and even a small football pitch.Bed & bathroom
Calendar updated: 06 Aug 2016 Years listed: 4 Based in: United Kingdom
Languages spoken: English
This Cottage has 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms and sleeps 6. It’s been listed on Holiday Lettings since 18 Aug 2011. Located in Fife, it has 1 review with an overall rating of 4. The average weekly rate varies from £425 to £750.
The Owner has a response rate of 90% and the property’s calendar was last updated on 06 Aug 2016.Build your perfect trip, with Holiday Lettings & TripAdvisor Real opinions, real reviews
WHY is St Andrew Scotland’s patron saint? When did we start celebrating St Andrew’s Day? And where else is the day celebrated? Learn the answers in our St Andrew’s Day guide.
There is no consensus on how St Andrew came to be Scotland’s patron saint, but there are a number of theories. One states that relics belonging to St Andrew were brought to Scotland in the fourth century. These relics, kept at St Andrew’s cathedral in Kinrymount, Fife, then became a major destination for medieval pilgrims.
Another possible explanation is that in the 800s, Pictish king Angus MacFergus saw a saltire cross in the sky immediately before a battle, and took Saint Andrew as his patron from then on.
Saint Andrew was first made the official patron saint of Scotland at the Declaration of Arbroath in 1320. By 1390 Saint Andrew appeared on coinage for the first time, although the relics which initially led to his saintly status were destroyed during the Scottish Reformation in the 1500s.
St Andrew was crucified by the Romans on a diagonal cross, with the event apparently taking place on 30 November, hence the choice of day to mark his life.
St Andrew’s Day has been celebrated for generations, with St Andrews University students traditionally given the day off. The Scottish Parliament made St Andrew’s Day an official bank holiday in Scotland in 2007, but banks are not obliged to close and there is no mandatory day off for employees.
St Andrew is not just the patron saint of Scotland, and 30 November is a holiday in other parts of the world as well as Scotland. In Barbados, St Andrews Day is also Independence Day, with a saltire on the Caribbean island’s coat of arms.
In Poland, Andrzejki is marked overnight between 29 and 30 November, with fortune-telling one of the main events. Hot wax is poured into water, and the shape of the wax once cooled can apparently predict who the pourer will eventually marry.
• Ten whiskies to celebrate St Andrew’s Day with
•Salmond and Cameron deliver St Andrew’s Day messages
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