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The Grapes Of Wrath 3 Essay Research

The Grapes Of Wrath 3 Essay, Research Paper

The Grapes of Wrath

Through out history man has made many journeys, far and wide.

Moses’s great march through the Red Sea and Columbus’s transversing

the Atlantic are only, but a few of mans great voyages. Even today,

great journeys are being made. Terry Fox’s run across Canada while

having cancer is one of these such journeys. In every one of these

instances people have had to rise above themselves and over come

emence odds, similar to a salmon swimming up stream to fullfill it’s

life line. Intense drive and extreme fortitude are qualities they had

to possess during their travels. In The Grapes of Wrath, Steinbeck

shows the Joads endurance by his use of extended metaphors in

Steinbeck uses intercalary chapters to provide background for the

various themes in the novel. This effectively forshadows upcoming

events by telling of the general state of the local population in the

intercalary chapters and then narrowing it down to how it effects the

main characters of the novel, the Joads. Setting the tone of the novel

in the readers mind is another function of Steinbeck’s intercalary

In chapter three, Steinbeck emaculatly describes the long tedious

journey of a land turtle across a desolate highway. From the onset of

his journey, the turtle encounters many set backs. All along the way

he is hindered by ants, hills, and oak seeds under his shell. The

turtles determination to reach his destination is most apparent when a

truck driven by a young man swerves to hit the turtle. The turtle’s

shell was clipped and he went flying off the highway, but stop the

turtle did not. He struggled back to his belly and kept driving toward

his goal, just as the Joads kept driving toward their goal.

Much like the turtle from chapter three, the Joads had to face

many great hardships in their travels. The planes of Oklahoma, with

their harsh summer weather, was the Joads desolate highway. The truck

driver represented the Californians, whom Buried food and killed live

stock to keep the Joads and others like them away from their dream.

And sickness was their ants and hills. But even through all of this

the Joads persevered. They were driven by great motivating powers –

poverty and hunger. Just as the turtle searched for food, the Joads

were searching for paradise, “the garden of Eden.”

The Joad’s journey is second to none in terms of adversity and

length. The Joads incredible ability to over come all odds and keep

going is epitomized in intercalary chapter three. Steinbeck uses his

rendition of facts, the “turtle” chapter, to parallel the Joads

struggle to reach the promise land. Just as the turtle endured, so did

the Joads. Never digressing from their strait and narrow path to

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Реферат - The Grapes Of Wrath 3 Essay Research - Иностранный язык

The Grapes Of Wrath 3 Essay, Research Paper

The Grapes of Wrath

Through out history man has made many journeys, far and wide.

Moses’s great march through the Red Sea and Columbus’s transversing

the Atlantic are only, but a few of mans great voyages. Even today,

great journeys are being made. Terry Fox’s run across Canada while

having cancer is one of these such journeys. In every one of these

instances people have had to rise above themselves and over come

emence odds, similar to a salmon swimming up stream to fullfill it’s

life line. Intense drive and extreme fortitude are qualities they had

to possess during their travels. In The Grapes of Wrath, Steinbeck

shows the Joads endurance by his use of extended metaphors in

Steinbeck uses intercalary chapters to provide background for the

various themes in the novel. This effectively forshadows upcoming

events by telling of the general state of the local population in the

intercalary chapters and then narrowing it down to how it effects the

main characters of the novel, the Joads. Setting the tone of the novel

in the readers mind is another function of Steinbeck’s intercalary

In chapter three, Steinbeck emaculatly describes the long tedious

journey of a land turtle across a desolate highway. From the onset of

his journey, the turtle encounters many set backs. All along the way

he is hindered by ants, hills, and oak seeds under his shell. The

turtles determination to reach his destination is most apparent when a

truck driven by a young man swerves to hit the turtle. The turtle’s

shell was clipped and he went flying off the highway, but stop the

turtle did not. He struggled back to his belly and kept driving toward

his goal, just as the Joads kept driving toward their goal.

Much like the turtle from chapter three, the Joads had to face

many great hardships in their travels. The planes of Oklahoma, with

their harsh summer weather, was the Joads desolate highway. The truck

driver represented the Californians, whom Buried food and killed live

stock to keep the Joads and others like them away from their dream.

And sickness was their ants and hills. But even through all of this

the Joads persevered. They were driven by great motivating powers –

poverty and hunger. Just as the turtle searched for food, the Joads

were searching for paradise, “the garden of Eden.”

The Joad’s journey is second to none in terms of adversity and

length. The Joads incredible ability to over come all odds and keep

going is epitomized in intercalary chapter three. Steinbeck uses his

rendition of facts, the “turtle” chapter, to parallel the Joads

struggle to reach the promise land. Just as the turtle endured, so did

the Joads. Never digressing from their strait and narrow path to

Chapter critical essay grape intercalary wrath Archive - PWG ID Forum

May 25th, 2016, 05:34 PM

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Реферат: The Grapes Of Wrath 3 Essay Research - Сайт рефератов, докладов, сочинений, дипломных и кур

The Grapes Of Wrath 3 Essay Research

The Grapes of Wrath

Through out history man has made many journeys far and wide.

Moses’s great march through the Red Sea and Columbus’s transversing

the Atlantic are only but a few of mans great voyages. Even today

great journeys are being made. Terry Fox’s run across Canada while

having cancer is one of these such journeys. In every one of these

instances people have had to rise above themselves and over come

emence odds similar to a salmon swimming up stream to fullfill it’s

life line. Intense drive and extreme fortitude are qualities they had

to possess during their travels. In The Grapes of Wrath Steinbeck

shows the Joads endurance by his use of extended metaphors in

Steinbeck uses intercalary chapters to provide background for the

various themes in the novel. This effectively forshadows upcoming

events by telling of the general state of the local population in the

intercalary chapters and then narrowing it down to how it effects the

main characters of the novel the Joads. Setting the tone of the novel

in the readers mind is another function of Steinbeck’s intercalary

In chapter three Steinbeck emaculatly describes the long tedious

journey of a land turtle across a desolate highway. From the onset of

his journey the turtle encounters many set backs. All along the way

he is hindered by ants hills and oak seeds under his shell. The

turtles determination to reach his destination is most apparent when a

truck driven by a young man swerves to hit the turtle. The turtle’s

shell was clipped and he went flying off the highway but stop the

turtle did not. He struggled back to his belly and kept driving toward

his goal just as the Joads kept driving toward their goal.

Much like the turtle from chapter three the Joads had to face

many great hardships in their travels. The planes of Oklahoma with

their harsh summer weather was the Joads desolate highway. The truck

driver represented the Californians whom Buried food and killed live

stock to keep the Joads and others like them away from their dream.

And sickness was their ants and hills. But even through all of this

the Joads persevered. They were driven by great motivating powers –

poverty and hunger. Just as the turtle searched for food the Joads

were searching for paradise “the garden of Eden.”

The Joad’s journey is second to none in terms of adversity and

length. The Joads incredible ability to over come all odds and keep

going is epitomized in intercalary chapter three. Steinbeck uses his

rendition of facts the “turtle” chapter to parallel the Joads

struggle to reach the promise land. Just as the turtle endured so did

the Joads. Never digressing from their strait and narrow path to

The Pearl 2 Essay, Research Paper Introduction Steinbeck was born in Salinas, California, in 1902. His first 3 books were financial failures, and he worked at various kinds of jobs to The book that I read is called the Pearl and the author is Steinbesurvive, including fruit picking. His first success was Tortilla Flat (1935), which was followed by In Dubious battle a number of shorter works, leading to his great masterpiece, The Grapes of Wrath, which won the Pulitzer prize in 1940.

Paper A central theme of The Grapes of Wrath is the injustice against the individual. Discuss how these injustices impede the Joad?s American dream Schaefer 11c.Every

Grapes Of Wrath Essay, Research Paper Themes Portrayed in The Grapes of Wrath The Grapes of Wrath is a classic novel with great social importance. It is a work of realism, representing the world as it was, no sugar-coating. John Steinbeck portrayed a time of serious crisis in our country. He uses the Joad family to illustrate many important social problems that were seriously disturbing the chemistry of the nation.

Research Paper Matthew Sinrod Dr. Doyle Eng 102 5/5/98 “Themes in “The Grapes of Wrath” John Steinbeck was born in Salinas, California February 27th 1902. He was the third of four children and the only son of John Ernst Steinbeck II, manager of a flour mill, and Olive Hamilton Steinbeck, a former teacher. Steinbeck said of his youth, (”We were poor people with a hell of a lot of land which made us think we were rich people, even when we couldn’t buy food and were patched.”) Steinbeck used the area where he grew up as the setting for many of his stories.

(1902 – 1968) Essay, Research Paper Perhaps Steinbeck’s most popular and true-to-life novel, The Grapes of Wrath exposes the grinding hardships of the “Okie” migrants. With brief

Essay, Research Paper The Journey Theme of The Grapes of Wrath In the Classic novel The Grapes of Wrath, John Steinbeck displays in his writing many different and interconnected themes. The main idea of the novel can be interpreted many different ways through many of the different actions and characters throughout the novel.

Okies Vs. Californians The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck, is a novel depicting the Okies migration to California during the period in history known as The Dustbowl. In this novel Steinbeck attempts to display the tensions between the Okies and the Californians. This display can be closely compared to today s tensions between citizens born in the US and the Immigrants.

# a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Grapes of Wrath, The – Book Summary and Analysis Grapes of Wrath, The – Book Analysis Grapes of Wrath, The – Joads’ Journey Great Expectations – Powerful Themes in the Novel

Grapes Of Wrath Essay, Research Paper During the Dust Bowl, hundreds of thousands of southerners faced many hardships, which is the basis of the novel called The Grapes of Wrath. John Steinback wrote this fiction novel to portray the harsh conditions during the Dust Bowl. However, is the portrayal of the Dust Bowl in The Grapes of Wrath valid? When one considers the merit of this novel, one thinks, how can Americans treat other Americans so horribly.

Grapes Of Wrath Essay, Research Paper Purpose Essentially, The Grapes of Wrath is a novel of social protest. It was designed to inform the public of the migrant’s plight. It is a plea for the land owners of California and the banks in the dust bowl states to be more tolerant. It shows how the migrants were made to starve by the California land owners and banks just so they could turn a profit.

One would say that on a literal level The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck is about the Joad family s journey to California during The Dust Bowl. However, it is also about the unity of a family and the concept of birth and death, both literal and abstract. Along with this, the idea of a family unit is explored through these births and deaths.

’s The Grapes Of Wrath Essay, Research Paper In John Steinbeck?s The Grapes of Wrath, the most important elements are family structure and the family?s connection to the land. The Joad family must stay together for support and happiness. They also have a strong tie to their homeland that affects every aspect of their lives.

Grapes Of Wrath Essay, Research Paper In John Steinbeck’s epic, The Grapes of Wrath, the Joad family is the example of the working class family during the 1930s. The novel depicts the Joad family as they are struggling to move from an infertile farm in Oklahoma to the gold coast of California. They are driven off of their farm by not only the “dust-bowl”, but because they can’t pay the mortgage to the banks, despite their hard work.

Essay, Research Paper Grapes of Wrath: Awakening Of Tom Joad Grapes of Wraith by John Steinbeck portrayed the awakening of a man’s conscience dealing with his troubling trials throughout the novel. The character

Essay, Research Paper The Grapes of Wrath, written by literary genius John Steinbeck, is about an Oklahoman family named Joad that is forced off it s farm and must travel west in search of work and food. The story takes place during the depression of the nineteen thirties and 250,000 more migrants join the Joads on route sixty-six.

Grapes Of Wrath Essay, Research Paper Elizabeth Hickert Hickert 1 The Significance in The Appellation of The Grapes of Wrath John Steinbeck?s The Grapes of Wrath, justifies its title within the tale. This novel is the description of a migrant farming family during the Dust Bowl and Great Depression of the 1930?s.

Essay, Research Paper UNCONTROLLABLE POVERTY Throughout history, less fortunate people have been set apart or shunned from the general public. In the Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck, this statement holds true. Throughout the whole book, all of the less fortunate people are treated like they aren t even human.

The Grapes of Wrath Synopsis: The Grapes of Wrath is a story about the Joad family and their 1800 mile journey to the supposedly job plentiful California. The family in the beginning of the book were sharecroppers in Oklahoma and were soon thrown off their land by the bank. There had been a long drought and the family were not making enough profit to keep the land.

Essay, Research Paper The Grapes of Wrath: In Times of Despair If one was to examine the three characters, Tom, Ma, and Pa Joad from John Steinback s The Grapes of Wrath. How would we figure out what astrological signs they were born under, as taken from their actions and attitudes in the novel? What certain qualities do they possess, that make them fit there Zodiac sign?

Research Paper A Critical Review of: John Steinbeck s The Grapes of Wrath John Steinbeck wrote this book in the hopes that people would be able to see what was happening to our nation s people. He wanted to open their eyes to see the hardships that migrants faced everyday and he accomplished this through the telling of the Joad s family story.

– The People And The Depression Essay, Research Paper Movie: The Grapes Of Wrath – The people and the Depression In the movie The grapes of Wrath, the Joads undergo the hit of the

Joad And The Setting Essay, Research Paper The Grapes of Wrath: Description Al Joad and the Setting Al Joad is a fairly skinny guy of medium built who starts out being a

Grapes Of Wrath-Structure Essay, Research Paper Authors often use many styles and techniques in their novels. They use certain methods in order to make their stories seem more real. John Steinbeck uses many literary

Gatsby Essay, Research Paper English Outline Thesis Statement: The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald and The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck both portray the same views of the American dream in the struggles towards the dream, the protagonist?s determination to achieve the dream and the disappointment of failure to achieve the dream.

Of Wrath Essay, Research Paper In The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair, and The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck, the characters are forced with economic, social, and political problems that they must cope with throughout the story. Both books are similar in that they emphasize that in this country, one simply cannot win unless they play by nature’s rules.

A Poison Tree I was angry with my friend: I told my wrath, my wrath did end. I was angry with my foe: I told it not, my wrath did grow. And I water’d it in fears, Night & morning with my tears;

Paper ECON 115 26 May 2000 The Grapes of Wrath John Steinbeck s book The Grapes of Wrath depicts the sufferings of a southwestern family of poor tenant farmers who migrate to California in hopes of finding prosperity, but sadly only find poverty and despair there. The book portrays the transition the Joads family experiences as they become migrant laborers under the command of the rich.

Paper Ma Joad is one of the main characters in John Steinbeck’s novel Grapes of Wrath. Ma is a strong, wife and mother who is the leader of the family. She does anything to keep the family together. In Grapes of Wrath, Steinbeck uses two literary techniques, direct description and portrayal of characters behavior, to create the character, Ma Joad.

Grapes Of Wrath Essay, Research Paper Grape of Wrath Essay Question English 11 Ms. Issacks Christina Clemons Explain how the behavior of the Joads shows Steinbeck?s view of the responsibility of the individual to society as a whole.

Paper The novel Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck, illustrates the hardships of the common man in great detail. The one aspect of this book that displays life as it exists in the hostile real-world

Grapes Essay, Research Paper The Grapes of Wrath: Plot Summary [Back to Grapes of Wrath] The Grapes of Wrath begins with Tom Joad rejoins his family after four

John Steinbeck?s purpose in The Grapes of Wrath The Grapes of Wrath entails a story of perseverance in dealing with oppressive labor conditions faced by migrant laborers during the Depression. Steinbeck?s purpose contrived by the novel?s tone, was to inform the public of the migrant?s plight. Through analyzing the effective use of diction, comparison of man to animal, and organization of alternating narrative with serious discussion about the Depression, one can see the purpose of The Grapes of Wrath.

Paper Grapes of Wrath Movie Review Would John Steinbeck be proud of the Steppenwolf Theatre Company?s productions of the Grapes of Wrath? No. This production of the Grapes of Wrath does the book no justice and lacks a very important theme presented throughout the novel. One theme, which it lacks is–?I to we. This play was very limiting in that it only presented one family?s plight and not a panoramic picture.

– Grapes Of W Essay, Research Paper Tormented Virtue A fallen preacher who too often succumbed to temptation became the a leader of righteousness. In John Steinbeck s The Grapes of Wrath, Jim Casy left the ministry when

Men Character Study Essay, Research Paper The American Novelist, John Steinbeck was a powerful writer of dramatic stories about good versus bad. His own views on writing were that not only should a writer make the story sound good but also the story written should teach a lesson. In fact, Steinbeck focused many of his novels, not on average literary themes rather he tended to relay messages about the many hard truths of life in The United States.

Steinbeck s Style in The Grapes of Wrath

Different Styles in The Grapes of Wrath

John Steinbeck used a lot of different styles in The Grapes of Wrath. He liked using language that was in keeping with his characters. He was also really big on symbolism. Steinbeck also used intercalary chapters to provide some of the background information.

John Steinbeck must have loved using slang and natural dialect. All of his characters spoke with a very heavy accents. "Tell 'em ya dong's growed scence you los' your eye." (P. 180). Granted, this does add some realism. But sometimes, its just a little too thick. This can make the book harder to read (as if it really needs any help in that department. ). That style of writing is very useful when working on something that is going to be heard, but it doesn't work quite as well when it is read, I have noticed. Slang is also another element that can both help and hinder a book. Some words change meaning in time. A good example would be "cool". 100 years ago, if someone were to say that the clothes were 'cool', people would think "I should wear those during the summer, to stay cool". Some other words just don't have any meaning now. The phrase "tom-cattin'" was used to describe Al. That term is rarely, if ever, used today. The only reason that you can tell what it means is by its use in the sentence.

Another style that Steinbeck used was symbolism. Practically everything was a symbol for something. There was a chapter that had a turtle trying to cross the road. The turtle then got hit by a truck, the driver of which tried to hit the turtle. Some people say that the turtle symbolizes the "little people", and the driver symbolizes the capitalists who owned the land. Another symbol in the book was Jim Casy being Jesus Christ. Sheesh, I just don't see it. Yes, both of them have the initials "J.C.", and yes, they both sacrificed themselves for the nobler good. I still don't think that there is enough there to really say that Casy was based on Jesus. Some people will think anything. oh, wait. You were the one who told us that. Hmm, never mind me talking bad about it. Symbolism is wonderful!

One of the styles that I DO like is the use of intercalary chapters. I think that that is a great way to provide some background information. especially in a story that is written in the first person (even though this one wasn't). Using the intercalary chapters, Steinbeck was able to show us the conditions of all of the "Okies", not just the Joads. He also used it as an opportunity to use symbolism, like the turtle and the truck in the above paragraph. All in all, I like that style, and I plan on using it in some of my writing.

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The Grapes of Wrath (Essay #2)

The Grapes of Wrath

AN UNDAUNTED JOURNEY

Throughout history, man has made many journeys, far and wide. Moses' great march through the Red Sea and Columbus' transversing the Atlantic, are only but a few of man's great voyages. Even today, great journeys are being made. Terry Fox's run across Canada while having cancer is one such journey. In every one of these instances people have had to rise above themselves and overcome immense odds, similar to a salmon swimming upstream to fullfill its life line. Intense drive and extreme fortitude are qualities they had to possess during their travels. In The Grapes of Wrath, Steinbeck shows the Joads endurance by his use of extended metaphors in intercalary chapters.

Steinbeck uses intercalary chapters to provide background for the various themes in the novel. This effectively forshadows upcoming events by telling of the general state of the local population in the intercalary chapters and then narrowing it down to how it affects the main characters of the novel, the Joads. Setting the tone of the novel in the readers mind is another function of Steinbeck's intercalary chapters.

In chapter three, Steinbeck describes in detail the long tedious journey of a land turtle across a desolate highway. From the onset of his journey, the turtle encounters many setbacks. All along the way he is hindered by ants, hills, and oak seeds under his shell. The turtle's determination to reach his destination is most apparent when a truck, driven by a young man, swerves to hit the turtle. The turtle's shell was clipped and he went flying off the highway. This did not stop the turtle. He struggled back to his belly and kept driving toward his goal, just as the Joads kept driving toward their goal.

Much like the turtle from chapter three, the Joads had to face many great hardships in their travels. The planes of Oklahoma, with their harsh summer weather, was the Joads desolate highway. The truck driver represented the Californians, who buried food and killed livestock to keep the Joads and others like them away from their dream. Sickness was their ants and hills, but even through all of this the Joads persevered. They were driven by great motivating powers - poverty and hunger. Just as the turtle searched for food, the Joads were searching for paradise, "the garden of Eden."

The Joad's journey is second to none in terms of adversity and length. The Joads incredible ability to overcome all odds and keep going is epitomized in intercalary chapter three. Steinbeck uses his rendition of facts, the "turtle" chapter, to parallel the Joads' struggle to reach the promised land. Just as the turtle endured, so did the Joads. They never digressed from their straight but narrow path to California.

John Steinbeck - Grapes Of Wrath: Purpose Of Intercalary Chapters Essay

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Grapes Of Wrath 4
Years Born: 1902 Died: 1968 Wrote: He wrote The Grapes of Wrath in 1930 s and released it in 1939. It won the Pulitzer Prize in 1940. Nationality: He.

Purpose of Intercalary Chapters The purpose of the intercalary chapters is to give the reader a brief, non-specific idea of what the world was doing at this time. These chapters present the plight of the migrants in a general sense. The intercalary chapters act as support for the commentary chapters, and also to give historical information. I think Steinbeck wanted to tell the reader the general picture of the community in which the Joads were involved. The intercalary chapters

Grapes Of Wrath 3
Grapes of Wraith by John Steinbeck portrayed the awakening of a man's conscience dealing with his troubling trials throughout the novel. The character that goes through this monumental change is.

set the tone in the reader's mind. For instance, in the first intercalary chapter (chapter 1), we find that the last rain droplets had come in early May. the weeds turned color to guard against the sun, and the dust was so bad that people had to use handkerchiefs to cover their noses for protection against the sun. This sums up that there was a very bad drought in Oklahoma. I know that if I was living in conditions like these, I would definitely save up enough money to find some way of transportation to another place that had weather conditions much better than in Oklahoma. This chapter shows the reader the background situation that will cause the vast migration towards a better-conditioned place, California. Steinbeck also criticizes the economic system in some of the intercalary chapters. So, not only are the intercalary chapters used to give a general idea of what was happening in the world, he also throws in his views on some things. In chapter 5, Steinbeck tells us about the owner men, and that some of them were kind but hated what they had to do, while others were angry and hated to be cruel. He also says "some of them were cold because they had long ago found that one could not be an owner

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The Grapes of Wrath: INTERCALARY CHAPTER ANALYSIS by John Steinbeck

THE GRAPES OF WRATH: INTERCALARY CHAPTER ANALYSIS CHAPTER 17 Summary

The cars of the migrants scuttle westwards like bugs during the daytime. At night they cluster together seeking shelter and water. Twenty families set up a temporary world, and "the twenty families became one family." They share their lives, their food, and their hopes. As morning dawns, this temporary world is torn down. Within the temporary worlds, codes and laws are established; leaders emerge, and families learn what "rights must be observed." When a rule is broken, there are two possible punishments: a quick murderous fight to settle matters or ostracism.

Notes

This interchapter depicts the new migrant society. The migrants agreeably help each other and fight their loneliness by sharing their experiences of the journey. The small family unit becomes assumed into a larger unit composed of about twenty families. They make their own set of laws, which operate smoothly because everyone understands and accepts them; they also know the penalties for breaking the laws. The establishment of these temporary worlds foreshadows the Weedpatch camp in California, which is managed by the people themselves without the interference of the police. Peter Lisca sees chapter 17 as the Deuteronomy (i.e. the fifth book of canonical Jewish and Christian Scripture containing Mosaic laws and narrative material) of the novel. He establishes an analogy between the Israelites receiving the new Law in their exodus and the establishment of their own laws by the migrants. This context, according to Lisca, makes the westward journey of the Joads an archetype of mass migration.

CHAPTER 18 Summary

The Joads are stopped in Arizona by a border guard who wants to know where they are going and the duration of their stay in Arizona. They finally come to the border of the Californian desert and stop near a river to await nightfall before attempting to cross. A stout woman scrubbing clothes by the side of the river cautions them that a policeman will come soon to look them over. The Joads and the Wilsons pitch their tents anyway. The men go to take a bath in the river. They sit in the water and feel the tug of the current. A man and his son who is going back home and telling of the deplorable conditions in California join them. He says that he could not make a living in California, for there is no steady work. He would rather starve with his own folks back home than with people who hate him. He tells them about a man who owns about a million acres of land but does not use it for farming purposes. The people in California are scared stiff because they know that the migrants are desperate for work and will do anything to get it. In spite of this news, Uncle John, a man of few words, says that they are going to California anyway; they will work if they get work, and if they don't, they will sit on their tails.

Tom crawls into a shady cave to lie down. He is soon joined by Noah, who says that he is not going with the rest of them, for he knows that nobody in the family really cares for him. He plans to stay by this nice river. Tom cannot persuade him to change his mind, and Noah walks down the riverbank.

Granma is lying on a mattress inside the tent. She is restlessly tossing her head from side to side. Ma and Rose of Sharon sit on either side of her with alarmed expressions. Granma seems to be calling out to Grampa in her delirious state. Ma explains to Rose of Sharon about the inevitable process of birth and death. A red ant climbs up on the folds of loose skin on Granma's neck. Ma reaches quickly and picks it off and crushes it between her forefinger and thumb. A woman comes in and wants to hold a prayer meeting for Granma, but Ma refuses. The woman leaves and holds the meeting anyway in her own tent at a distance. Granma quiets down and goes to sleep. Ma reproaches herself for her rudeness to the woman.

Ma and Rose of Sharon lie down to rest. Rose of Sharon tells Ma again of the plans made by her and Connie. Meanwhile a police officer arrives and orders them to leave before morning, saying that he did not want any "Okies" in the area. Ma's face blackens with anger, and she threatens the policeman with a skillet. Ma cannot comprehend the callous attitude of the police officer.

Ma sends Ruthie to call Tom and tells him of her encounter with the policeman. He explains the antipathy of the people towards migrants from Oklahoma. He then tells her of Noah's departure, and she worries about the family is breaking up. Pa blames himself for Noah's departure.

The Joads prepare to leave when Ivy Wilson comes in to say that they cannot continue since his wife, Sairy, is very ill. Ma suggests that they wait until Sairy gets well and then continue together; but Mr. Wilson tells them to carry on. He requests Casy to see Sairy and say a prayer, but Casy resists. When he learns that she is dying from cancer and the end is near, Casy agrees to pray silently.

The Joads prepare for the desert. They leave some money and some pork for the Wilsons and depart with lots of water. On their way, they stop at a service station. A boy working there thinks that the Okies are not really human since their suffering exceeds the human capacity to bear. Ma lies with Granma on the mattress and repeatedly says that the "family got to get acrost." Uncle John talks to Casy about his sins and wonders whether he has brought the misery on the family.

As they near Dagget, the Joads have to stop at another border inspection station, and the officer says that he has to check all their belongings to see that they are not carrying vegetables and seeds. Ma pleads with them to let the truck pass as they have a very sick old woman who urgently needs medical help. The officer lets them pass and says they can find a doctor in Barstow, which is only eight miles ahead. When they reach the next stop, however, Ma says that Granma is all right and does not need a doctor. She lied earlier because she is afraid that if they stop they will never get across the desert. Nobody can understand Ma's actions.

After boring their way all night through the hot darkness of the desert, the Joads finally see the rich Californian valleys in the distance. Ma reveals that Granma has died early in the night; she did not tell anybody because she wanted the family to get across safely. Ma�s extraordinary strength and love amaze everybody.

Notes

This chapter again contains a note of foreboding that California will not fulfill the hopes and aspirations of the Joads. The account of the horrible working conditions and the contemptuous attitude of the Californians towards the migrants by the stranger and his son are reinforced when the police officer warns Ma to leave before morning as he does not want any "Okies" settling there. This is the first time that the Joads hear the term "Okie" used derogatorily.

After the family reaches the Colorado River and bathe there before attempting to cross the great Californian desert, Noah decides he will not continue the arduous journey with the family. The symbolic baptismal bath gives Noah a new lease of life, and he decides to strike out on his own. Noah's departure foreshadows the fact that as economic and physical hardships increase, the family as a unit will be unable to bear the pressure and break down. The family is already diminished. Granpa has died and by the end of the chapter Granma dies as well. The Wilsons have become an integral part of the family, and Sairy's illness forces them to stay behind.

Faced with the disruption of the family, Ma's strength increases. She devotes all her energies to keeping the remaining family together. When Granma dies she does not tell anybody because she wants the family to cross the desert safely. She displays extraordinary strength and love, which wins everybody's praise and approval. When they are finally across the desert and see the green California valleys, Mom regrets that Granpa and Granma are not alive to see it. Tom tells her that they were incapable of new experiences at their age. �They was too ol�. Who�s really seein� it is Ruthie an� Winfiel�.�


The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck: Free BookNotes Summary

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