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Tanners Classification Essay

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Non-linearity in rheology —an essay of classification

Non-linearity in rheology —an essay of classification

Received: 10 September 1994 Accepted: 27 October 1994

Cite this article as: Malkin, A.Y. Rheol Acta (1995) 34: 27. doi:10.1007/BF00396052
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Abstract

Different non-linear phenomena (such as non-Newtonian flow, large elastic deformations, instabilities of different types and many others) are the heart of rheology. Therefore many attempts were carried out to find quantitative, or at least qualitative, models of non-linear behavior. The general or perhaps most attractive way of developing rheological constitutive equations consists in the search for the most general method to describe everything in the framework of a single approach. Naturally, this leads to very complicated and ambiguous equations. Meanwhile, it is reasonable to try another way based on separating observed phenomena into different types depending on observed phenomena into different types depending on their physical origin. An attempt to propose such their physical origin. An attempt to propose such classification of nonlinear rheological effects is made.

According to the assumed scheme three levels of non-linearity are distinguished. There is a group of phenomena which originate as a consequence of finite elastic deformations. This is weak non-linearity related to equilibrium properties of a matter. The second level can be characterized as strong non-linearity. It is related to reversible structure changes, developing in time and connected with changes in relaxation properties of a matter. This group of effects can be treated as kinetic phenomena. Lastly, the third level of non-linearity is connected with breaking or phase transitions induced by deformations. This leads to the most severe consequences and can be treated as effects of thermodynamic nature. It is shown that some well known rheological effects can be explained if we consider them as a superposition of non-linearity of different types.

Key words

Finite deformations non-Newtonian equations nonlinearity constitutive equations elastic potential necking phase transitions melt fracture instabilities

Presented as keynote lecture at the European Rheology Meeting, September 4–9, 1994, Sevilla, Spain

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Tanner Classification


TANNER CLASSIFICATION

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Photo Essay: The Ancient Tannery of Fez, Morocco

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Teaching Essay Research Paper Mr Tanner put

Teaching Essay Research Paper Mr Tanner put

Teaching Essay, Research Paper

Mr. Tanner put me in charge of teaching my fifth grade class how to make Dream Catchers. This was my best, and most memorable learning experience in elementary school. I had to give my classmates step-by -step instructions. Each person needed a twig, a piece of yarn and about five feathers for this project. I felt very proud to be the teacher for this project. This was my best learning experience because not only did I learn how to make a Dream Catcher, but I also learned how to handle a hectic situation and succeed at the same time.

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Essay on Book Reports

Essay/Term paper: Louis tanner of destroying angel and rick deckard of do androids dream of electric sheep: importance to the thematic development of "moral men in immortal worlds" and body mind invasion Essay, term paper, research paper: Book Reports

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Louis Tanner of Destroying Angel and Rick Deckard of Do Androids Dream of
Electric Sheep: Importance to the Thematic Development of "moral men in immortal
worlds" and Body Mind Invasion


How would you feel if you found out you where making love to any android?
Shocked I hope. In this essay l will discuss how Louis Tanner of Destroying
Angel and Rick Deckard of Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep are important to
the thematic development of "moral men in immoral worlds" and body mind invasion.


Is Tanner a moral man in an immoral world? What is considered moral or
immoral? We know from reading Destroying Angel that Tanner is a good person.
Tanner is the type of person whom we say would "do the right thing" in certain
situations. He's honest and honorable. If Tanner makes a promise, he keeps it.
He made an agreement with Rattan, where Rattan would be shipped to New Hong Kong
illegally in return for the name of the chain killer. Rattan is a drug dealer
with a lot of money to waste. He's also the only person with the information to
catch the chain killer. To get justice the moral must cooperate with the immoral.
We also know that Tanner is not a womanizer. He had his chance with Hannah but
did not take advantage of the situation: "No Hannah"(136). Tanner had more
worrisome thoughts than making love to a good friend. He wanted the murderer of
all murderers, the chain killer. As a cop he never captured the chain killer.
This person fused chains to people's bodies and then threw them into the water.
For Tanner who was now a retired cop, it was as if a spark lit up in him. All
the old memories fled back into his mind. The nightmare of his partner getting
shot on a "drug bust gone"(13) wrong began to replay in his mind. He had a
conscience; therefore, he could never forget what was done to his partner nor
the victims of the chain killer.

One of the many other themes found in this book was body mind invasion. When
Tanner was still a cop, slugs worked at the police station whose job was to
"solve almost any problem" (16). These people were constantly injected with
reason enhancers to help them solve investigations. Now that Tanner was retired,
the slugs working at the police station probably looked "Distended and
distorted"(16) after all these years of taken drugs. Although they took the
enhancers, they did not help in finding the chain killer. The only person that
could help find the killer was Rattan. He was interested in the new process of
the regeneration of limbs in New Hong Kong. This was a process where your
natural limbs were actually grown back. Rattan would have rather died than have
prosthetic limbs. The only person that could have transported him to knew New
Hong Kong was Tanner. It was a domino effect after that. Both parties got what
they where looking. Rattan went to New Hong Kong and Tanner got the name of the
chain killer.

Louis Tanner developed the themes of "moral men in immoral worlds" and body
mind invasion in a certain fashion. Now l will compare it to how Rick Deckard in
Do androids Dream of Electric Sheep developed the same themes.

Was Rick Deckard a moral man in an immoral world? He lived in a world where
humans were given classification such as chickenheads or specials if they didn't
pass a mental exam. They were being judged by their own to see who was worthy to
go to mars and live a better life. If they passed the test and emigrated to mars,
androids would be their slaves. As slaves the androids had to do everything they
were told. Androids were very intelligent beings and retaliated against their
owners. They were beginning to get lonely and illegally came back to earth. Rick
was a bounty hunter whose job was to find and destroy these androids. At first
to him it was just a job. He didn't have any feeling toward the androids because
they were not human. As his assignment continued, he found that he " '[was
capable of feeling empathy for at least specific certain androids.'"(124) When
he captured Luba Luft at the museum he bought her a book. This book contained a
picture of the painting she was admiring. This showed that Rick began to have
empathy for androids. He then killed her and destroyed the book. Ricks morals
began to get twisted. He knows what his job is but he's physically attracted to
an android. At one point he begins to question himself as a bounty hunter. Phil
Resch tells him "'Go to bed with [Rachel] first and then kill her'" (126). This
in turn would diminish the attraction he had to Rachel. He sleeps with her but
doesn't kill her. Rachel then kills his sheep because she knows Rick loves the
sheep more than her.

Another theme developed in the book was body mind invasion. Rick, his wife
and almost everyone else on the planet had a mood organ. This device had
different settings where each performed a specific function. For example the
number 888 meant "the desire to watch TV, no matters what's on it ".(4) Dick
and everyone else were also dependent on the mood organ for their daily mood or
feelings. Each day they programmed how they wanted to feel: " My schedule for
today lists a six hour self-accusatory depression."(2) Therefore, their life is
run by a machine and maybe that is why they show android type behaviors. For
example people are given classifications, such as chickenheads if they "[fail]
the minimum mental faculties test"(15). People are forced to things they find
terrifying (when Isodore was force to use the videophone). Also humans feel no
empathy for androids when they're killed. Although androids are not human, a few
of them are part of society and participate in it. It's almost impossible to
tell the difference between man and Androids. Man and androids are slowly
becoming one. Man is controlled by a machine and is starting to exhibit android
like behaviors. Androids on the other hand have begun the show human
characteristics. An example is that the androids feel lonely by themselves. It
seems that the distinction between the two is soon fading away. Rick said that
if android questions were added to the empathic question used on the Voigt-
Kampff test, the distinction between man and android would disappear.

After having read both books, l have to say that l enjoyed reading them both.
They were very interesting. Especially their out look on how the future is going
to be. Maybe in ten years androids will be part of our society.

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